Closing the Achievement Gap: A Vision for Changing Beliefs and Practices


Despite years of reform, a persistent achievement gap remains between students in urban schools and elsewhere. Recognizing that goal setting and good intentions cannot close the gap, the authors provide a research-based synthesis of the dynamics that contribute to urban students' academic achievement patterns.

Additional information

Includes content by:
  • Belinda Williams
  • Joann B. Manning
  • John A. Kovach
  • Robert J. Marzano
  • Elise Trumbull
Publisher: Place of publication:
  • Alexandria, VA
Publication year:
  • 2003