AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty

Synopsis

AIDS and the Ecology of Poverty combines the insights of economics and biology to explain the spread of HIV/AIDS and deliver a telling critique of AIDS policy. Drawing on a wealth of scientific evidence, Stillwaggon demonstrates that HIV/AIDS cannot be stopped without understanding the ecology of poverty. Her message is optimistic, with pragmatic solutions to the health problems that promote the spread of HIV/AIDS.

Excerpt

Global AIDS policy has failed to stem the epidemic spread of HIV. This book explains why HIV/AIDS exacts such a devastating toll in sub-Saharan Africa and why the epidemic continues to spread in Latin America, the Caribbean, Eastern Europe, the former Soviet republics, and South, Southeast, and East Asia. This book also explains the failure of international AIDS policy that is built on flawed analysis and inadequate tools. Policy makers and researchers working on HIV/AIDS have asked the wrong questions about the causes—not of AIDS itself, but of its epidemic spread. Global AIDS policies attempt to stop HIV transmission at the last possible moment, instead of grappling with the underlying causes of the epidemic.

The grim facts are numbingly familiar. Almost 40 million people are infected worldwide with HIV, more than 90 percent of them in developing countries. That includes almost 30 million people in sub-Saharan Africa, more than 6 million people in South and Southeast Asia, 2 million in Latin America and the Caribbean, almost 2 million in Eastern Europe and Central

1. AIDS is the acquired immune deficiency syndrome, the umbrella term that in
dicates illness with one or more of the opportunistic infections associated with infection
with HIV, the human immunodeficiency virus. The term HIV/AIDS conflates two
distinct phenomena, a virus and the illnesses from which a person might suffer as a
result of being infected with the HIV virus.

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