Metaphor and Metonymy in Comparison and Contrast

Metaphor and Metonymy in Comparison and Contrast

Metaphor and Metonymy in Comparison and Contrast

Metaphor and Metonymy in Comparison and Contrast


The book elaborates one of Roman Jakobson's many brilliant ideas, i.e. his insight that the two cognitive strategies of the metaphoric and the metonymic are the end-points on a continuum of conceptualization processes. This elaboration is achieved on the background of Lakoff and Johnson's twodomain approach, i.e. the mapping of a source onto a target domain of conceptualization. Further approaches dwell on different stretches of this metaphor-metonymy continuum. Still other papers probe into the specialized conceptual division of labor associated with both modes of thought. Two new breakthroughs in the cognitive linguistics approach to metaphor and metonymy have recently been developed: one is the three-domain approach, which concentrates on the new blends that become possible after the integration or the blending of source and target domain elements; the other is the approach in terms of primary scenes and subscenes which often determine the way source and target domains interact.


This volume intends to offer a relatively complete state of affairs in metaphor and metonymy research in cognitive linguistics and related research areas.

The editors want to express their thanks to all the contributors for their willingness to cooperate in this project and to take into account the views expressed in other contributions to this volume. Seldom before has there been a collective volume with so many internal cross-references.

Precisely for this reason, the reference formula "in this volume" would have been a permanent hindrance for the reader's fluent readign automatisms. Therefore we have introduced an iconic equivalent in the form of an asterisk (*). This may occur after the name of an author, after the year of publication, and before a page number, as, for instance, Turner & Fauconnier *474, meaning "p. 474 in this volume.".

The editors also want to thank several other people, besides all the contributors. In the first place we want to thank the Mouton de Gruyter staff in the persons of Anke Beck, Birgit Sievert and Wolfgang Konwitschny for their quick and efficient handling of so many managerial problems. Next we want to thank all the publishing houses for granting us the permission to reprint the (heavily or slightly) revised papers. The list of the original publications is presented on the next pages.

Last but not least we want to thank Dipl.-Soz.-Wiss. Jörg Behrndt for his perfect technical handling of the formatting and the indexing of a collective volume of this size in all its manifold dimensions.

Duisburg, January 2002 René Dirven and Ralf Pörings . . .

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