Framing Borders in Literature and Other Media

Framing Borders in Literature and Other Media

Framing Borders in Literature and Other Media

Framing Borders in Literature and Other Media

Excerpt

Over the past few decades it has become a received notion that there is no human signifying act, no meaningful perception, cognition and communication without 'frames' and that frames are practically everywhere. Indeed, since the mid-1970s, when Erving Goffman's influential study Frame Analysis was published, the concept of the cognitive 'frame', which Goffman had taken over from Gregory Bateson (1955/1972; cf. Goffman 1974: 7), has become widely accepted in linguistics and related areas: especially in cognition theory, psychology and psychotherapy, artificial intelligence research, sociolinguistics and above all in discourse analysis . The present volume is dedicated to the application of frame analysis to a field in which it has not found much attention to date, namely literature and other media, and focusses on the coding of frames in 'framing borders' (in temporal media notably on initial framings). The following "Introduction" aims above all at clarifying the theoretical basis of such an analysis. This means in particular elucidating the concepts of 'frame', 'framing' and 'framing borders' and also giving an overview of their most important functions in the interpretation of works of literature and other media.

1 Parts of this "Introduction", which was not read at the conference 'Framing in Lit
erature and Other Media', are revised versions of the first two chapters of Wolf
1999a.

2 For a survey see Müller 1984, esp. ch. 3, Drew/Wootton, eds. 1987, Tannen, ed.
1993, and the excellent summary of almost all previous research in the field,
MacLachlan/Reid 1994

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