Urban Transportation Planning in the United States: An Historical Overview

Urban Transportation Planning in the United States: An Historical Overview

Urban Transportation Planning in the United States: An Historical Overview

Urban Transportation Planning in the United States: An Historical Overview

Synopsis

The development of U. S. urban transportation policy over the past 50 years illustrates the changing relationship between federal, state, and local governments. This comprehensive text examines the evolution of urban transportation planning from early developments in highway planning in the 1930s to the concern for sustainable development and pollution emissions. Focusing on major national events, the book discusses the influence of legislation, regulations, conferences, federal programs, and advances in planning procedures and technology.

The book offers an in-depth look at the most significant event in transportation planning- the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1962. Creating a federal mandate for a comprehensive urban transportation planning process carried out cooperatively by states and local governments with federal funding, this act was crucial in the spread of urban transporation. Claiming that urban transportation planning is more sophisticated, costly, and complex than its highway and transit planning predecessors, the book demonstrates how urban transportation planning evolved in response to changes in such factors as environment, energy, development patterns, intergovernmental coordination, and federal transit programs. It further illustrates how broader concerns for global climate change and sustainable development have braided the purview of transportation planning.

Excerpt

Urban transportation planning is carried out primarily by state and local agencies. Over the years, much experience has been gained in the planning and evaluation of urban transportation systems. This knowledge can be useful to planners and decision makers in the development and implementation of transportation system changes. In this context, it is important to understand the transportation and planning options which have been tried, and how they developed into the approaches we have today. This book describes the evolution of urban transportation planning over the last 60 years.

This is the second edition of this book, which was first published in 1987. The earlier edition discussed urban transportation planning to mid-1986. This edition updates the evolution of urban transportation planning and policy to mid1998. It also contains some additions and revisions to the earlier edition. This book is an updated version of “Evolution of Urban Transportation Planning,” which was first published in 1979 as chapter 15 in Public Transportation: Planning, Operations, and Management, edited by George E. Gray and Lester L. Hoel. It was revised and published in 1992 as chapter 3 in Public Transportation, 2nd ed., edited by George E. Gray and Lester L. Hoel.

This book focuses on key events in the evolution of urban transportation planning, including developments in technical procedures, philosophy, processes, and institutions. But, planners also must be aware of changes in legislation, policy, regulations, and technology. These events have been included to provide a more complete picture of the forces that have affected and often continue to affect urban transportation planning.

Summarizing so much history in a single book requires difficult choices. The efforts of many individuals and groups made important contributions to the development of urban transportation planning. Clearly, not all of these contri-

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