"Film Europe" and "Film America": Cinema, Commerce and Cultural Exchange, 1920-1939

"Film Europe" and "Film America": Cinema, Commerce and Cultural Exchange, 1920-1939

"Film Europe" and "Film America": Cinema, Commerce and Cultural Exchange, 1920-1939

"Film Europe" and "Film America": Cinema, Commerce and Cultural Exchange, 1920-1939

Synopsis

A volume of specially-commissioned essays dealing with the attempts to create a pan-European film production movement in the 1920s and 1930s, and the reactions of the American film industry to these plans to rival its hegemony. The book has an impressive array of top scholars from both America and Europe, including Thomas Elsaesser, Kristin Thompson and Ginette Vincendeau, as well as essays by some younger scholars who have recently completed new archival research. It also includes a number of primary documents selected by the contributors to illuminate their arguments and provide a stimulus to further research. This book is a volume in the series Exeter Studies in Film History, and represents a major contribution to cinema scholarship as well as reflecting a strong interest in an area of study currently being developed in university departments and at the British Film Institute. Winner Prix Jean Mitry 2000

Excerpt

Andrew Higson and Richard Maltby

In a ridiculously short timespan, hardly one decade, Film Europe
has become a colony of Film America.

German trade paper, 1926

Film Europe is nothing more than a security pact, a sort of film
Locarno against America, which will not grant reciprocity. The
more quickly and securely Film Europe is realised, the more quickly
and surely Film America will come to terms with Film Europe.
Here lies the deeper meaning of European film union and the
current intense concentration of European film forces.

Erich Morawsky, Director of the German company Terra, 1928

One of the Bureau’s most valuable contacts is the Motion Picture
Producers and Distributors of America, Inc., of which Mr. Will H.
Hays is President. We are particularly anxious that our services to
this industry should be effective and that we should make a special
point of keeping it posted on all developments affecting it through
out the world…. the motion picture producers are vitally
concerned with every phase of the local motion picture situation,
such, for example, as the following: New laws or restrictions, actual
or threatened; the activities of local producers; censorship regula
tions, particularly changes; combinations or re-alignments of film
distributors or theatre owners; new theatre construction or con
solidations; changes in the attitude of the public or the exhibitors
toward American and foreign productions; any action threatened,
either governmental or public, which would prove inimical to
American pictures.

Warren L. Hoagland, us government official, Bureau of
Foreign and Domestic Commerce, 1924

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