History of World War I - Vol. 3

History of World War I - Vol. 3

History of World War I - Vol. 3

History of World War I - Vol. 3

Excerpt

In 1914 Germany was the

strongest power in Europe,

economically and militarily, yet ill

equipped to fight a long war. Its

political life was dominated by

generals, who had no interest in

the morale of ordinary citizens.

Germany, a federation of 22 kingdoms and principalities as well as three independent main cities, was Europe’s leading industrial power in 1914 and was a world leader in the new technologies, such as electrical engineering and chemicals. Between 1880 and 1913 the country experienced its great economic expansion, and industrial output had boomed. For example, steel output had risen tenfold, and coal production had soared by 400 percent. On the eve of World War I, around 40 percent of the total labor force was employed in industry.

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