A History of Russian Christianity - Vol. 4

A History of Russian Christianity - Vol. 4

A History of Russian Christianity - Vol. 4

A History of Russian Christianity - Vol. 4

Synopsis

From the legendary visit of Apostle Andrew to the conclusion of Soviet authority in 1990, Daniel Shubin presents the entire history of Christianity in Russia in a multi-volume series. The events, people and politics that forged the earliest traditions of

Excerpt

This fourth volume covers the history of the Russian Orthodox Church during the twentieth century. This account begins at the ascension of Tsar Nicholas ii Alexandrovich to the throne of Imperial Russia on October 21, 1894 and concludes October 1, 1990, with the issuance of the Edict of Freedom of Conscience by the government of Premier Mikhail Gorbachev. All the preliminary notes located in the prologue of the earlier volumes apply to this volume as well. the dates utilized are Old Style in Section 9 (Imperial Russia), and New Style in Section 10 (Soviet Russia). Some of the roc documents quoted have both dates, in which case the new calendar dates are given in parenthesis.

The Soviets renamed many cities in Russia to magnify themselves, and in order to erase the memory of Imperial Russia and its heroes; many of the old names have been brought back in recent years. the city of St. Petersburg, founded by Tsar Peter the Great in 1703 and renamed Petrograd in 1914, in 1924 was renamed Leningrad after Vladimir Lenin, which name it held until the dissolution of the Soviet Union; it is now again called St. Petersburg. Tsaritzyn was renamed Stalingrad, after Joseph Stalin, in 1925, and then Volgograd in 1961. Konigsburg was renamed Kaliningrad in 1946 after Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin. Ekaterinburg, where the royal family was executed, was renamed Sverdlovsk in 1924 after Yakov Mikhailovich Sverdlov, and recently reverted to Ekaterinburg. Nizhni-Novgorod was renamed Gorki after the famous Russian author Maxim Gorki, in 1932. the city Perm was named Molotov from 1940 to 1957 after . . .

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