A Brave Man Stands Firm: The Historic Battles between Chief Justice John Marshall and President Thomas Jefferson

A Brave Man Stands Firm: The Historic Battles between Chief Justice John Marshall and President Thomas Jefferson

A Brave Man Stands Firm: The Historic Battles between Chief Justice John Marshall and President Thomas Jefferson

A Brave Man Stands Firm: The Historic Battles between Chief Justice John Marshall and President Thomas Jefferson

Excerpt

I considered America as my country, and Congress as my government.

—John Marshall

His lax lounging manners have made him popular with the bulk of the
people in Richmond, and a profound hypocrisy with many thinking men in our
country
.

—Thomas Jefferson on John Marshall

After declaring independence from Great Britain and winning the Revolutionary War, the United States became a self-governing nation. The Constitution was drafted in 1787 and ratified by the states in 1788. During George Washington’s two-term presidency, commencing in 1789, he defined the office and paved the way for future chief executives. Washington wrote famously that he “walked on untrodden soil.” James Madison, a primary actor in drafting, adopting and ratifying the Constitution, drafted the Bill of Rights during the first session of the first Congress and it became the first Ten Amendments to the Constitution. Madison was instrumental in defining the role of the Legislative Branch. However, for the first twelve

4 George Washington to Catharine Sawbridge Mccaulay Graham, January 9, 1790.
The Papers of George Washington, Digital Edition, University of Virginia Press.

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