Islamic Biomedical Ethics: Principles and Application

Islamic Biomedical Ethics: Principles and Application

Islamic Biomedical Ethics: Principles and Application

Islamic Biomedical Ethics: Principles and Application

Synopsis

Biomedical ethics is a burgeoning academic field with complex and far-reaching consequences. Whereas in Western secular bioethics this subject falls within larger ethical theories and applications (utilitarianism, deontology, teleology, and the like), Islamic biomedical ethics has yet to find its natural academic home in Islamic studies.

In this pioneering work, Abdulaziz Sachedina - a scholar with life-long academic training in Islamic law - relates classic Muslim religious values to the new ethical challenges that arise from medical research and practice. He depends on Muslim legal theory, but then looks deeper than juridical practice to search for the underlying reasons that determine the rightness or wrongness of a particular action. Drawing on the work of diverse Muslim theologians, he outlines a form of moral reasoning that can derive and produce decisions that underscore the spirit of the Shari'a. These decisions, he argues, still leave room to revisit earlier decisions and formulate new ones, which in turn need not be understood as absolute or final. After laying out this methodology, he applies it to a series of ethical questions surrounding the human life-cycle from birth to death, including such issues as abortion, euthanasia, and organ donation.

The implications of Sachedina's work are broad. His writing is unique in that it aims at conversing with Jewish and Christian ethics, moving beyond the Islamic fatwa literature to search for a common language of moral justification and legitimization among the followers of the Abrahamic traditions. He argues that Islamic theological ethics be organically connected with the legal tradition of Islam to enable it to sit in dialogue with secular and scripture-based bioethics in other faith communities. A breakthrough in Islamic bioethical studies, this volume is welcome and long-overdue reading for anyone interested in facing the difficult questions posed by modern medicine not only to the Muslim faithful but to the ethically-minded at large.

Excerpt

This is a most welcome book—the result of many years of deep and broad study of Islam’s fundamental beliefs and principles and their applications to novel biomedical technologies and practices as well as to more conventional problems in medical ethics.

As a scholar steeped in Islam, his own religious tradition, Abdulaziz Sachedina has also been a conversation partner with scholars in other religious and nonreligious traditions of ethical reflection, as well as in debates about public policy in a pluralistic society. For instance, at the University of Virginia, Sachedina co-taught, with another colleague and me, a seminar on Christian, Jewish, and Islamic perspectives on taking human life, which addressed important questions in bioethics, such as abortion, suicide, and euthanasia, as well as questions about killing in self-defense, capital punishment, and warfare. That is just one of the many contexts in which he has engaged colleagues—locally, nationally, and internationally—in rigorous examinations of comparative religious ethics.

In debates about public policies, Sachedina has been called upon time and again to present Islamic perspectives on such topics as human reproductive cloning and human embryonic stem cell research. Through his testimony before the National Bioethics Advisory Commission and congressional committee hearings, for instance, policymakers have learned much from Sachedina’s unfailingly clear and illuminating portrayals of Islamic principles and juridical decisions. His presentations have enabled government officials and advisory committees to understand and consider Islamic views in their deliberations. He has also been an important spokesman on the international scene, for example . . .

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