Offender Drug Abuse and Recidivism: An Access to Recovery Program

Offender Drug Abuse and Recidivism: An Access to Recovery Program

Offender Drug Abuse and Recidivism: An Access to Recovery Program

Offender Drug Abuse and Recidivism: An Access to Recovery Program

Synopsis

Seredycz tracks 434 offenders of a federally funded Access to Recovery (ATR) program coordinated by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration and a jurisdiction identified as Lake City. He examines offenders' reduction of alcohol and other drug abuse (AODA), recidivism and barriers to reintegration. Self-reported high-risk drug offenders had a higher likelihood of program failure and criminal activity. Offenders who voluntarily remained in treatment were more successful remaining abstinent and more likely to desist from criminal activity. Faith-based programming was not found to be an effective predictor in increasing treatment outcomes nor, reducing an offender's likelihood of recidivism. Case managers play a significant role in determining an offender’s success in AODA treatment and likelihood of being incarcerated.

Excerpt

The United States criminal justice system has become overburdened due to the moral panic to toughen legislation creating an incarceration explosion of non-violent drug using criminals. Subsequently, this creates more obstacles for offenders trying to reintegrate into their communities after being incarcerated. This study will shed more light on these reintegration obstacles, while evaluating an alcohol and drug abuse program designed to better offender’s reintegration outcomes while reducing recidivism.

This moral panic, also well known as the War on Drugs, was an initiative first undertaken by the United States to wage an all out offensive (as President Nixon described it in 1971) against the use of certain illegal drugs. A 1989 Congressional Research Service report argued that the nation’s war on drugs could have began as early as the development of public policy in November 1880 when the United States and China signed an agreement prohibiting the shipment of opium between the two countries (Central Intelligence Agency, 2007:92). This has fueled the expansion of the U.S. prison industry, which now oversees the largest prison population in the world, reaching a total of approximately two and one-quarter million inmates in 2006 (Sabol et al.,2006).

The chapter will briefly synthesize the incarceration binge (Austin, 2001) in the United States today, with a particular focus on (i) recidivism in the United States and (ii) the drug-crime nexus. This study on Lake City adds to the significant works that explain the complexities surrounded in offender recidivism . . .

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