Intimate Partner Violence among Adolescents: Causes and Correlates

Intimate Partner Violence among Adolescents: Causes and Correlates

Intimate Partner Violence among Adolescents: Causes and Correlates

Intimate Partner Violence among Adolescents: Causes and Correlates

Synopsis

Clark describes the risks and correlates of intimate partner violence (IPV) among adolescents. Using longitudinal data, she finds that the victim-offender overlap that exists in general violence extends to IPV. Also, Michael Johnson's typology of IPV among adults likely exists among adolescents; sometimes IPV is perpetrated by both partners, and sometimes it is perpetrated by only one. Moreover, IPV victimization is not evenly distributed among adolescents, and more targeted interventions are likely needed to prevent abuse. Clark integrates multiple theories of violence and victimization, including lifestyle exposure theory, differential association theory, general strain theory.

Excerpt

Adolescence is a time for romance, and sometimes violence. By age 17, about 70% of adolescents have been involved in a romantic relationship within the prior 18 months (Collins 2003). Although these relationships were once thought of as fleeting and shallow, research suggests that often they can be long-lasting and meaningful (Carver, Joyner, and Udry 2003). Most adolescents involved in romantic relationships have publicly acknowledged their relationships to friends and they have met the parents of their partners, both of which actions are considered major milestones in relationships. However, for some adolescents romantic involvement can be harmful. According to the Centers for Disease Control, adolescent intimate partner violence in the U.S. is at an all-time high with nearly one-in-11 adolescents reporting abuse within the prior 12 months (National Center for Injury Prevention 2006). Nearly 30% of teens report psychological abuse (Halpern et al. 2001; Mulford and Giordano 2008).

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