Juvenile Incarceration and Reentry: A Photovoice Study

Juvenile Incarceration and Reentry: A Photovoice Study

Juvenile Incarceration and Reentry: A Photovoice Study

Juvenile Incarceration and Reentry: A Photovoice Study

Synopsis

This Photovoice study explored youth crime from the perspective of young men who have experienced incarceration. Participant-generated photographs and captions provide visual entry into the lives of these adolescents as they navigate the reentry process. The images and stories shared reflect their transition across three situations -- pre-incarceration, confinement, and reentry process. The study brings to light their perceptions and understandings of the risk and protective factors evident at each stage. The findings from this study include the voices of youth who have lived these experiences, an essential contributing component to the literature about this phenomenon.

Excerpt

Youth crime is a societal issue with implications for those involved and indirectly affected. the impacts are so vast that youth crime has been identified as a national health epidemic (Nelson, 2000). Statistics identifying the scope of juvenile crime are difficult to establish and often underestimated, given that a majority of illegal activities are unidentified or go unreported. Quantifying crime rates is further complicated by changing trends and the variation that exists across jurisdictions in the manner with which they document and report illegal activity. Recent estimates indicate that approximately 1.9 million juvenile arrests were made in 2009 (Puzzanchera & Adams, 2011). the deleterious effects of crime are not isolated to those who are the immediate victims of such acts. Juvenile crime is a complex societal issue that negatively impacts the overall quality of life for everyone. the unfavorable outcomes that result suggest a problem with implications for both youthful offenders and members of mainstream society.

The number, diversity, and complexity of theories developed to explain crime and delinquency substantiates the complexity and magnitude of the problem. There is no single theory that fully explains the reasons for youth crime or the diversity of the illegal behaviors (Lawrence, 2007). Given the multitude of intricate, interconnecting systems that have the potential to mitigate or potentiate delinquent behavior, it has been impossible for researchers to identify a unique etiology of adolescent criminal behavior. Proposed theories have considered such contributing factors as learned behaviors, disability diagnosis . . .

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