Emerging Democracy in Indonesia

Emerging Democracy in Indonesia

Emerging Democracy in Indonesia

Emerging Democracy in Indonesia

Synopsis

In 2004, Indonesia had a second democratic election, which was also conducted in a peaceful and orderly manner. This book discusses Indonesia's transition towards democracy through the parliamentary and presidential elections, including an analysis of party activity in the provinces, in 2004.

Excerpt

With the fall of Soeharto in May 1998, Indonesia entered the era of Reformasi. The authoritarian regime was terminated and replaced by a democratic process, as manifested in the 1999 election. Four years later, in 2004, Indonesia had a second democratic election, which was also conducted in a peaceful and orderly manner. With 24 political parties, more than 500,000 polling stations and 150 million eligible voters, the Indonesian election in 2004 was probably one of the largest single-day electoral events in human history. Indeed, it is significant that Indonesia, the world’s largest Muslim country, has taken major steps towards the consolidation of democratic institutions and the notion of citizenry participation has begun to take root. Indonesia’s new constitutional and electoral process and the effects that the elections may have on the future conduct of Indonesian politics and the neighboring states of ASEAN deserve careful study.

ISEAS held several seminars on various aspects of the Indonesian 2004 election. The behind-the-scene stage play and the twists and turns of the Indonesian elections were closely monitored. However, to make sense out of these developments required analysis by a team of experts who thoroughly understood the Indonesian political scene. At ISEAS, the Indonesia research team, comprising of Dr Aris Ananta, Dr Evi Nurvidya Arifin and Dr Leo Suryadinata, conducted a study on the 2004 election and examined Indonesia’s continuous quest for democracy in the post-Soeharto Indonesia. The study compared the 1999 and the 2004 parliamentary elections at the national level, followed by an analysis of the elections at the provincial level. One of the major features of this book is the inclusion of both statistical information and analysis, which will help the reader better understand the political situation in the fourth most populous country in the world.

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