Leveraging for Success in United Nations Peace Operations

Leveraging for Success in United Nations Peace Operations

Leveraging for Success in United Nations Peace Operations

Leveraging for Success in United Nations Peace Operations

Synopsis

Explores the role of leverage in peacekeeping, including military force, economic pressure, moral suasion, and leadership skills.

Excerpt

For the United Nations, the early 1990s were a period of great expectations. The Organization was seen as an important contributor to a new world order through its role in mandating and implementing peace operations. By the mid-1990s, however, disillusionment with the UN’s potential had set in. Having failed its mission in Bosnia, the Organization gladly ceded its central role in the region to a coalition of the willing. Its difficulties there and in Somalia threw a pall over its fiftieth anniversary in 1995 and led to a major reduction in its peace-operations profile. Deployed forces in UN operations dropped drastically from nearly eighty thousand in 1993–1994 to fourteen thousand in 1998, and no completely new UN mission was approved until 1998. The UN’s image in the media and among many policy-makers was that of a failed instrument where peace operations were concerned, but the fact is that before and after the mid-1990s the UN did have successes and it did learn from its failures.

Coleman and Grene in their chapter aptly explain that not only has the global political environment changed, but the very quality of conflict has evolved from primarily interstate to complex, multiparty violence that is both internal and regional in nature. That makes the work of the UN considerably more challenging, and the institution is undergoing today considerable reform in its peacekeeping capabilities in line with a major and comprehensive report of the Brahimi Panel. In response to international needs, the UN is undergoing a resurgence in its peacekeeping profile with more than 40,000 personnel in operations in 2003. This book aims to highlight UN peace-operation successes for what they tell us about the lever-

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