Natural Disaster Hotspots: Case Studies

Natural Disaster Hotspots: Case Studies

Natural Disaster Hotspots: Case Studies

Natural Disaster Hotspots: Case Studies

Synopsis

These case studies complement the earlier groundbreaking work of 'Natural Disaster Hotspots: A Global Risk Analysi's published in April 2005. Three case studies address specific hazards: landslides, storm surges and drought. An additional, three case studies address regional multi-hazard situations in Sri Lanka, the Tana River basin in Kenya, and the city of Caracas, Venezuela.

Excerpt

This second volume of the Natural Disaster Hotspots project presents a series of case studies undertaken to support the global analysis, published in 2005 as Natural Disaster Hotspots: A Global Risk Analysis. The Hotspots initiative aims to provide information to inform development strategies and investments and to prioritize actions for reducing disaster risk. The initiative began in 2001 under the umbrella of the ProVention Consortium as a collaborative effort of the World Bank, Columbia University’s Earth Instituts, and a number of international partners.

The core study team for the Hotspots initiative included staff from the World Banks Disaster Management Facility (now the Hazard Risk Management Team) and the Development Economics Research Group (DECRG) and from the Center for Hazards and Risk Research (CHRR), the Center for International Earth Science Information Network (CIESIN), the International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI), and the Lamont Doherty Earth Observatory (LDEO) at Columbia University. The project also benefited from close collaboration with the Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (NGI), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP), the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR), and others.

Key contributors to the initiative were the authors of the case studies, each listed below with their affiliations:

Chapter One—Drought Disaster in Asia

Written by Mathew Barlow of the University of Massachusetts, Lowell (formerly Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Inc. and IRI), Heidi Cullen of the Weather Channel (formerly National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR)), Brad Lyon of IRI, and Olga Wilhelmi of NCAR.

Chapter Two—Global Landslides Risk Case Study

Written by Farrokh Nadim of the International Center for Geohazards at the Norwegian Geotechnical Institute (ICG/NGI); Oddvar Kjekstad, Ulrik Domaas, and Ramez Rafat of NGI; and Pascal Peduzzi of the UNEP Early Warning Unit DEWA/GRID-Europe. The Annex to Chapter Two was written by Christian Herold and Pascal Peduzzi of UNEP/DEWA/GRID-Europe.

Chapter Three—Storm Surges in Coastal Areas

Written by Robert J. Nicholls of the School of Civil Engineering and the Environment at the University of Southampton (formerly the Flood Hazard Research Centre, Middlesex University, London).

Chapter Four—Natural Disaster Risks in Sri Lanka:
Mapping Hazards and Risk Hotspots

Written by Vidhura Ralapanawe of Ralapanawe Associates and Lareef Zubair of IRI with Upamala Tennakoon of Natural Resources Management Services and Ruvini Perera of IRI. Much of the analysis for the case study was carried out using the resources of IRI and its collaborative project with the Mahaweli Authority of Sri Lanka, conducted by the Foundation for Environment . . .

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