Saudi Arabia Enters the Twenty-First Century

Saudi Arabia Enters the Twenty-First Century

Saudi Arabia Enters the Twenty-First Century

Saudi Arabia Enters the Twenty-First Century

Excerpt

This book is a product of the Saudi Arabia Enters the 21st Century Project of the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). This project has been supported by the Smith Richardson Foundation and builds on the work done for the CSIS Strategic Energy Initiative, the CSIS Net Assessment of the Middle East, and the Gulf in Transition Project. It is being conducted in conjunction with a separate—but related—study called the Middle East Energy and Security Project.

The project uses a net assessment approach that looks at all of the major factors affecting Saudi Arabia’s strategic, political, economic, and military position and attempts to foresee future implications of current trends. It examines the internal stability and security of Saudi Arabia, social and demographic trends, and the problem of Islamic extremism. It also investigates the changes taking place in the Saudi economy and petroleum industries, the problems of Saudisation, changes in export and trade patterns, and Saudi Arabia’s new emphasis on foreign investment.

The assessment of Saudi Arabia’s strategic position in this volume includes an analysis of Saudi military forces, defense expenditures, arms imports, military modernization, readiness, internal security forces, and warfighting capability. It also examines the implications of the conventional military buildup and creeping proliferation of weapons of mass destruction in the Gulf and the resulting changes in Saudi Arabia’s security position.

Another object of this volume is to examine the implications of change within Saudi Arabia, their probable mid- and long-term impacts, and the most likely changes in the nature or behavior of Saudi Arabia’s current . . .

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