Political Parties and Political Systems: The Concept of Linkage Revisited

Political Parties and Political Systems: The Concept of Linkage Revisited

Political Parties and Political Systems: The Concept of Linkage Revisited

Political Parties and Political Systems: The Concept of Linkage Revisited

Synopsis

Architects James Estes and Peter Twombly have described their nearly two decades of work as "quiet modernism." Their Rhode Island-based firm, Estes/Twombly Architects, builds modestly sized and geometrically precise houses that are unique to their New England locale without being style-driven. These award-winning homes reflect the area's strong architectural heritage-- white cedar shingles, sliding barn doors, standing-seam metal roofs--without being derivative. Yankee Modern features ten elegant houses in Rhode Island and Connecticut that are moderate in scale and budget yet quietly large in ambition. For Estes/Twombly, each building site, whether responding to a view, a neighbor, or the terrain, requires a unique solution. Through careful integration of site and design, the architects create enough natural heat and ventilation to defy the rugged New England climate and extend the warm seasons.

Estes/Twombly's multiple award-winning Cyronak House on Block Island combines a modern, open plan--so suitable for the way most families live today--with time-tested local materials; sliding barn doors enclose a small courtyard entry and protect it from north winds, while to the south a small deck catches summer afternoon breezes. The pair of simple two-story blocks that comprise the Danevic House are turned at right angles and pulled apart to make outdoor spaces and take advantage of different views. A latticework tower joins them, acting as a transition between indoors and outdoors, the private and public realms. Sumptuous photography, charming drawings,and detailed plans fully illustrate Estes/Twombly's commonsense design solutions. Author William Morgans opening essay traces the firm's development and situates their work in both regional and historical contexts. Yankee Modern is a welcome return to the simple pleasures of modest, innovative architecture, sensitive to its site and clients' needs.

Excerpt

In his novel America Franz Kafka describes a raucous rally at an election campaign for the local judiciary. It begins with the nocturnal procession of a bald-headed candidate on the shoulders of a giant of a man, surrounded by men sounding trumpets and drums and carrying placards and floodlights: “A small group of gesticulating men…whom everyone tries to overhear, marches before the candidate…they motion for the procession to stop in front of an inn and give a sign both for the crowd to be still and the candidate to speak.” From his high berth the latter gives a brief address and vigorously waves his top hat back and forth, while a claque of his supporters in the street and from balconies clap their hands and chant his name. a chorus of supporters of the several opposing candidates respond loudly with their respective campaign songs and eventually join in a whistling concert (a sign of strong disapproval in Europe). Arguments and objects are thrown back and forth. the opposing partisan groups scream at each other and eventually smash all the spotlights while the candidate is speaking, and while a small group of leaders order rounds of drinks for the crowd: “The candidate tries to give his words maximal persuasion with jerky motions of his one free hand while waving the hat with the other. Sometimes, indeed at quite regular intervals…he rises on top of his mount, his arms stretched out and up [to the upper stories], no longer just addressing a group [of partisans]…but everybody.” Members of the crowd in turn drink to the candidate and shout his name while he fortifies himself and then launches into another lengthy speech, surrounded by ever-larger, unruly crowds. An opposing candidate soon appears on the shoulders of the crowd, “pale of face and with his fists . . .

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.