Natural Resources and Violent Conflict: Options and Actions

Natural Resources and Violent Conflict: Options and Actions

Natural Resources and Violent Conflict: Options and Actions

Natural Resources and Violent Conflict: Options and Actions


Specifically written for those preparing for examinations and practitioners in travel medicine, MCQs in Travel Medicine contains over 600 multiple choice questions with detailed explanations which both teach and challenge the reader.

Questions are group by topic which is ideal for revision, enabling you to focus on specific areas including adventure travel, travellers' diarrhoea, malaria, sexually transmitted disease, and drugs used in travel medicine. The style and format of the questions mirror the format of the exam

questions, and the book includes a self-test to aid revision.

This easy-to-read comprehensive book is ideally suited for those in busy day-to-day practices and those preparing for examinations in travel medicine including the Certificate Exam of the International Society of Travel Medicine.


Recent research undertaken by the World Bank and others suggests that developing countries face substantially higher risks of violent conflict and poor governance if they are highly dependent on primary commodities. Revenues from the legal or illegal exploitation of natural resources have financed devastating conflicts in a large number of countries across regions. When a conflict erupts, it not only sweeps away decades of painstaking development efforts but also creates costs and consequences—economic, social, political, regional—that live on for decades. the outbreak of violent domestic conflict amounts to a spectacular failure of development—in essence, development in reverse. Even where countries initially manage to avoid violent conflict, large rents from natural resources can weaken state structures and make governments less accountable, often leading to the emergence of secessionist rebellions and all-out civil war.

Natural resources are never the sole source of conflict, and they do not make conflict inevitable. But the presence of abundant primary commodities, especially in low-income countries, exacerbates the risks of conflict and, if conflict does break out, tends to prolong it and makes it harder to resolve.

Reflecting a growing interest in the links between natural resources and conflict and the World Bank’s evolving conflict agenda—which is placing greater emphasis on preventing conflicts—in 2002, the World Bank’s Conflict Prevention and Reconstruction Unit and the Development Research Group began to define a research project to address this link. As the Governance of Natural Resources Project took shape, the discussion moved toward practical approaches and policies that could be adopted by the international community. While there is much that . . .

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