The Muslim World after 9/11

The Muslim World after 9/11

The Muslim World after 9/11

The Muslim World after 9/11

Synopsis

This new book examines the major dynamics driving changes in the religio-political landscape of the Muslim world.

Excerpt

Angel M. Rabasa

Events since September 11, 2001 have dramatically altered the political environment in the Muslim world, a vast and diverse region comprising the band of countries with significant Muslim populations that stretches from western Africa to the southern Philippines, as well as Muslim communities and diasporas scattered throughout the world. the United States—through its response to the September 2001 terrorist attacks, the subsequent war on terrorism, and the removal from power of the Taliban in Afghanistan and of Saddam Hussein and his regime in Iraq—has become deeply involved in the affairs of the Muslim world, where religion, politics, and culture are intertwined in complicated ways and intersect with the geopolitical interests of major powers.

This book examines the dynamics leading to religious and political changes in the Muslim world, particularly its “religio-politics” in which relations with God provide shape and meaning to political action and orientations (Green, 1985), and the implications of these developments for U.S. and Western interests. We review previous research on the aspects of the Muslim world most important to current U.S. interests and also report insights gathered from interviews with scholars and other leading figures across various regions of the Muslim world. Our goals are (1) to give policymakers and the broader academic and policy community a general overview of events and trends in the Muslim world that are most likely to affect U.S. interests and security and (2) to provide detailed analyses in subsequent chapters for those with a specific interest in individual countries or regions.

This study examines the dynamics that are driving changes in the religiopolitical landscape of the Muslim world in order to develop, on the basis of that analysis, a strategy, or the elements of a strategy, that will help to ameliorate the con-

Azyumardi Azra, the rector of Indonesia’s State Islamic University, distinguishes the following cultural zones within the Muslim world, each with distinct religio-political characteristics: Arab, Persian, Turkic, Indian Subcontinent, Sudanese-African, Malay-Indonesian, Sino-Islamic, and Western Hemisphere. Discussion with Azyumardi Azra, Jakarta, June 2003.

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