Maritime Terrorism: Risk and Liability

Maritime Terrorism: Risk and Liability

Maritime Terrorism: Risk and Liability

Maritime Terrorism: Risk and Liability

Synopsis

Though the historical occurrence of maritime terrorist attacks has been limited, maritime vessels and facilities may nevertheless be vulnerable to attack, with the potential for very significant consequences in the form of mass casualties, severe property damage, and disruption of commerce. This book explores maritime terrorism threats, vulnerabilities, and consequences, as well as the application of civil liability.

Excerpt

Intelligence analysts, law enforcement officials, and policymakers have become increasingly concerned about the possibility of future maritime terrorist attacks. The maritime environment possesses some unique characteristics that, in principle, could make it attractive to terrorist operations, including the extraterritoriality of the high seas and poor or inconsistent security measures that apply in coastal areas and facilities in many parts of the world. Maritime attacks have the potential to inflict significant harms on persons and property and, in at least some instances, could be highly disruptive to U.S. commerce.

This book focuses on the study of terrorism risk and liability issues in connection with two general types of maritime terrorism scenarios: attacks that target passenger vessels and attacks that target (or leverage) containerized shipping. With regard to analyzing risk, this book explores underlying threats, vulnerabilities, and potential consequences, and then combines this information to construct a picture of the relative risks posed by different terrorism scenarios. With regard to analyzing liability, this book outlines key concepts, legal authorities, and ambiguities that would apply in determining civil liability for acts of maritime terrorism, focusing particularly on third-party (commercial) defendants. By combining the investigation of risk and liability into a single study, this book offers insights both into the nature of maritime terrorism risk, as well as the ways in which government might respond to that risk through the instrumentality of the civil justice system. This book would be of interest to anyone who is concerned with understanding and managing maritime terrorist risks.

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