Wiki at War: Conflict in a Socially Networked World

Wiki at War: Conflict in a Socially Networked World

Wiki at War: Conflict in a Socially Networked World

Wiki at War: Conflict in a Socially Networked World


In 2011, amid the popular uprising against Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak, the government sought in vain to shut down the Internet-based social networks of its people.
WikiLeaks editor-in-chief Julian Assange has been branded "public enemy number one" by some in the United States for posting material on the World Wide Web that concerns airstrikes in Iraq, US diplomatic communications, and other sensitive matters.
In Wiki at War, James Jay Carafano explains why these and other Internet-born initiatives matter and how they are likely to affect the future face of war, diplomacy, and domestic politics.
"The war for winning dominance over social networks and using that dominance to advantage is already underway," Carafano writes in this extremely timely analysis of the techno-future of information and the impact of social networking via the Internet. Drawing on his extensive knowledge of history and defense strategy, Carafano creates a cogent analysis of what is truly new about the "new media," and what is simply a recasting of human warfare in contemporary forms.
Wiki at War is written in a lively, accessible style that will make this technological development comprehensible and engaging for general readers without sacrificing the book's usefulness to specialists. Outlining the conditions under which a difference in degree becomes a difference in kind, detailing how ancient wisdom can still apply to national security decisions, and examining the conditions under which new expertise is required to wage effective diplomacy or successful military strategy, Carafano casts in stark relief the issues that face political, military, and social leaders in trying to manage and control information, in both the international and domestic arenas. Wiki at War affords stimulating thought about and definitive discussion of this vital emerging topic.


Stanley Milgram shocked the world.

He did not look like a man who would perpetrate an outrage. No, Milgram seemed like who he was—a young professor trying to wend his way up the ivory tower. With wavy hair, scratchy beard, and baggy suit, he dressed the part of a Yale University junior lecturer in social psychology. But Stanley Milgram had an obsession with the dark side.

On June 18, 1961, the New Haven Register carried a brief ad recruiting subjects for “memory research.” The gig paid well—four dollars plus fifty cents bus fare. At the time, the minimum wage stood at $1.15 an hour. For starving students and blue-collar workers the offer seemed like found treasure.

It did not take too long to gather a lineup interested in easy money. Under the shade of the tall trees bordering High Street, men, old and young, made their way like clockwork to Linsly-Chittenden Hall. They trudged past the weathered gray-stone frontage on Yale’s Old Campus, one an hour from six to eleven each evening, Monday to Friday.

A gaunt man in a gray lab coat met each at the door and identified himself as “Mr. Williams.” Then Williams introduced volunteers to the man who would be their research partner: middle-aged, portly, smiling, apparently nervous “Mr. Wallace.”

“Psychologists have developed several theories to explain how people learn various types of material,” the dour-faced Williams explained. “One theory is that people learn things correctly whenever they get punished for making a mistake,” Mr. Williams added flatly.

To test the theory, one man would act as “teacher,” the other “learner.” Wallace and the volunteer drew lots to determine their place.

Wallace drew learner.

Williams took Wallace into a small room, strapped him to a . . .

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