Mexican Militarism: The Political Rise and Fall of the Revolutionary Army, 1910-1940

Mexican Militarism: The Political Rise and Fall of the Revolutionary Army, 1910-1940

Mexican Militarism: The Political Rise and Fall of the Revolutionary Army, 1910-1940

Mexican Militarism: The Political Rise and Fall of the Revolutionary Army, 1910-1940

Excerpt

Mexico is unique among the major nations of Latin America today. She is the only nation that has been able to stabilize her politics, modernize her economy, and maintain a modicum of social equilibrium. These achievements are the result of her great social Revolution. The revolutionary experience was one in which the revolutionary army played the dominant role. It destroyed the old regime and the traditional society; it supplied the leadership and the social conscience for building a new government and a new society; and it was the most important political force in Mexico during the critical period from 1910 to 1940.

Prior to the Revolution of 1910, Mexico had suffered long and deeply from militarism. Hundreds of armed uprisings disturbed the internal order of the republic during her initial century of nationhood. Politics was a game played with swords and guns, and the victors, more often than not, claimed the treasury as their spoil. The word “army” became synonymous, in the eyes of civilian political leaders, with crime, venality, violence . . .

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