Killing for Land in Early California: Indian Blood at Round Valley: Founding the Nome Cult Indian Farm

Killing for Land in Early California: Indian Blood at Round Valley: Founding the Nome Cult Indian Farm

Killing for Land in Early California: Indian Blood at Round Valley: Founding the Nome Cult Indian Farm

Killing for Land in Early California: Indian Blood at Round Valley: Founding the Nome Cult Indian Farm

Excerpt

For tens of thousands of years after their ancestors’ arrival on the North American continent from Asia and long before the Gold Rush in 1848, the Yuki like other northern California tribes maintained its own distinct culture. In the Round Valley region the Yuki tribe consisted of five distinct subdivisions: Ta’no’m (slope people), Witukomno’m (sited at Eden Valley) and Ukšišmulháñtno’m (sited at Coal Mine Creek), Ukomno’m (valley people), Huititno’m (middle-ridge people) and, finally, Sukšaltátamno’m (nicely-shaped pine tree people). In addition to these five main Yuki subdivisions, the Onkolúkomno’m (ground in another valley people) lived apart from the others “at the headwaters of the South Fork of the Eel River,” isolated from all the other Yuki tribelets by a four thousand foot ridge. Partly because they were separated from the other groups, there are no survivors of the Onkolúkomno’m. Besides these six Yuki groups just listed, there were also two smaller ones. The Lalkútno’m lived from the outlet of Round Valley to the Eel River. At the valley’s outer edge about two miles from the Lalkútno’m lived a final Yuki group, the Ontítno’m (tableland people). East of Round Valley lived various Wintun, north were Wailaki, Lassik, and southeast were various small tribes of Pomo.

Also, according to Prof. George M. Foster’s 1944 study, the Yuki had a Creation myth:

4. George M. Foster, A Summary of Yuki Culture, Anthropological Records 5:3, (Berkeley and Los Angeles, University of California Press, 1944), p. 160.

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