A Companion to Philosophy of Religion

A Companion to Philosophy of Religion

A Companion to Philosophy of Religion

A Companion to Philosophy of Religion


In 85 new and updated essays, this comprehensive volume provides an authoritative guide to the philosophy of religion.
  • Includes contributions from established philosophers and rising stars
  • 22 new entries have now been added, and all material from the previous edition has been updated and reorganized
  • Broad coverage spans the areas of world religions, theism, atheism, , the problem of evil, science and religion, and ethics


This Companion, like the first edition, is a guide to philosophy of religion for nonspecialists, but it will also engage specialists. When the first edition was published in 1997, there was nothing else like it in print. It is a testament to the success of that edition that this second edition emerges in a crowded field. Such crowding is not necessarily bad. There is strength in numbers because no single collection can hope to cover all there is to cover in a field as rich and diverse as philosophy of religion. Our challenge as editors of a second edition was both to retain and build on the strengths of the first edition and to add brand-new material that separates the new edition from its ancestor and from the rest of the field. To that end, we not only updated and reorganized the chapters in the first edition, but also added more than 20 new chapters.

One of the unique parts of this edition is the last one, which is called “Current Trends and New Directions.” It contains new essays on Wittgensteinian philosophy of religion (by John Whittaker), continental philosophy of religion (by John Caputo), evidentialism (by Richard Swinburne), and philosophical reflection on mysticism (by Anthony Perovich). These are combined with updated chapters on theological realism and antirealism, reformed epistemology, feminism, philosophical reflection on scripture and revelation, religious pluralism, and comparative philosophy of religion.

One of our main goals for this new edition was to include more atheistic and other non-theistic perspectives. Coverage of non-theistic religious perspectives was enhanced by adding new chapters on Hinduism (by Jonardon Ganeri), on pantheism (by Michael Levine), and on reincarnation and karma (by Paul Reasoner). More ambitiously, five new chapters discuss challenges to the truth of theism: Michael Martin on theism and incoherence, Klaas Kraay on the problem of no best world, Michael Peterson on the logical argument from evil, Graham Oppy on the evidential argument from evil, and John Schellenberg on divine hiddenness. In an act of contrition, three new chapters on the justification of theistic belief were also added: one by Peter van Inwagen on ontological arguments, one by Stewart Goetz on arguments from consciousness and free will, and one by one of us (Draper) on cumulative cases for theism. A chapter by Samantha Corte on the ethics of agnostic religious commitment is also new.

We also added chapters at the beginning of certain parts of the book when they were needed to introduce that part. For example, in the first edition, the part on the concept of God included chapters on a variety of specific “divine attributes,” but provided no . . .

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