Nineteenth-Century Oxford - Vol. 7, pt. 2

Nineteenth-Century Oxford - Vol. 7, pt. 2

Nineteenth-Century Oxford - Vol. 7, pt. 2

Nineteenth-Century Oxford - Vol. 7, pt. 2


Volume VII of The History of the University of Oxford completes the survey of nineteenth-century Oxford begun in Volume VI. After 1871 both teachers and students at Oxford were freed from tests of religious belief. The volume describes the changed mental climate in which some dons sought a new basis for morality, while many undergraduates found a compelling ideal in the ethic of public service both at home and in the empire. As the existing colleges were revitalized, and new ones founded, the academic profession in Oxford developed a peculiarly local form, centred upon college tutors who stood in somewhat uneasy relation with the University's professors. The various disciplines which came to form the undergraduate curriculum in both the arts and sciences are subject to major reappraisal; and Oxford's 'hidden curriculum' is explored through accounts of student life and institutions, including organized sport and the Oxford Union. New light is shed on the social origins and previous schooling of undergraduates. A fresh assessment is made of the movement to establish women's higher education in Oxford, and the strategies adopted by its promoters to implant communities for women within the masculine culture of an ancient university. Other widened horizons are traced in accounts of the University's engagement with imperial expansion, social reform, and the educational aspirations of the labour movement, as well as the transformation of its press into a major international publisher. The architectural developments-considerable in quantity and highly varied in quality-receive critical appraisal in a comprehensive survey of the whole period covered by Volumes VI and VII (1800-1914). By the early twentieth century the challenges of socialism and democracy, together with the demand for national efficiency, gave rise to a renewed campaign to address issues such as promoting research, abolishing compulsory Greek, and, more generally, broadening accessto the University. Under the terrible test of the First World War, still more deep-seated concerns were raised about the sider effects of Oxford's educational practices; and the volume concludes with some reflections on the directions which the University had taken over the previous fifty years. series blurb No private institutions have exerted so profound an influence on national life over the centuries as the universities of Oxford and Cambridge. Few universities in the world have matched their intellectual distinction, and none has evolved and maintained over so long a period a strictly comparable collegiate structure. Now a completely new and full-scale History of the University of Oxford, from its obscure origins in the twelfth century until the late twentieth century, has been produced by the university with the active support of its constituent colleges. Drawing on extensive original research as well as on the centuries-old tradition of the study of the rich source material, the History is altogether comprehensive, appearing in eight chronologically arranged volumes. Together the volumes constitute a coherent overall study; yet each has a unity of its own, under individual editorship, and brings together the work of leading scholars in the history of every university discipline, and of its social, institutional, economic, and political development as well as its impact on national and international life. The result is a history not only more authoritative than any previously produced for Oxford, but more ambitious than any undertaken for any other European university, and certain to endure for many generations to come.


As was explained in the Preface to Nineteenth-Century Oxford, Part 1, the two volumes on the years from 1800 to 1914 are not entirely separate from each other. Each part is independently indexed and stands largely by itself; but, while most of the chapters in Part 2 begin where the main narrative of Part 1 ends, namely at or near the passing of the University Tests Act of 1871, a few do not observe this dividing line. Chapter 26 on the University Press, and Chapter 30 on Oxford Architecture, span the whole period, while Chapter 19 on Mathematics takes the account from 1827 to 1900. Similarly in Part 1 Chapters 11 to 14 and 18 to 21 went to 1914, and Chapter 17 to 1902. In all these cases a division would have truncated some themes and entailed duplication. The List of Contents for Part 1 will be found on pp. 877–8.

As in Part 1, the footnotes and Index have been arranged in the hope of helping readers to obtain any further information which they may need. The number of people named in this volume (about 1, 700) is too large to allow the provision of biographical footnotes. An alternative method of identification has been adopted, namely, giving dates of birth and death in the Index for most of those mentioned in the text. References in footnotes cannot take the place of a bibliography, if only because they may not mention the secondary work which led the contributor to the primary source cited. The Bibliography of Printed Works relating to the University of Oxford (1968), by E. H. Cordeaux and D. H. Merry, is the essential point of departure for anyone working in this area. It has been supplemented, for publications from 1977 to 1981, by the booklets entitled History of European Universities: Work in Progress, and thereafter by the ‘Continuing Bibliographies’ in the journal History of Universities from volume vii (1988) onwards. The full title of a work is cited for the first mention in a chapter unless it is in the Abbreviations list: where place of publication is omitted it is London, Oxford, or Cambridge. The University has a capital letter where Oxford University is indicated, but not where the word is used as a generic term.

The plates have been arranged in a single block to give a compact visual survey of some of the major themes and personalities in the volume. An extended account of the illustrations is offered in the commentary at the front of the book.

As the expressions of thanks scattered throughout the volume show, contributors and editors have met with invariable co-operation and goodwill throughout the University and indeed beyond it. They tender their most grateful thanks for all that help. This volume, like its predecessors in the . . .

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