CliffsNotes, Huxley's Brave New World

CliffsNotes, Huxley's Brave New World

CliffsNotes, Huxley's Brave New World

CliffsNotes, Huxley's Brave New World


The original CliffsNotes study guides offer expert commentary on major themes, plots, characters, literary devices, and historical background. The latest generation of titles in this series also features glossaries and visual elements that complement the classic, familiar format.

The new world in CliffsNotes on Brave New World is not a good place to be. Readers have used the word "dystopia," meaning "bad place," to describe Huxley's fictional world.

But your experience studying this novel won't be bad at all when you rely on this study guide for help. Meet John the Savage and enter Huxley's witty and disturbing view of the future. Other features that help you study include

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  • A character map that graphically illustrates the relationships among the characters
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In this chapter, the D.H.C.’s tour moves outside into the garden, where the students watch very young children engaged in sexual games. The D.H.C. tells the students—to their shock—that such erotic play seemed abnormal in the time before Ford.

This chapter also introduces Mustapha Mond—Resident Controller for Western Europe and one of the Ten World Controllers. Mond figures in the novel as a kind of enlightened dictator (“his Fordship”), who understands this brave new world, as well as the old world before Ford.

As the chapter dissolves into a verbal montage, Mond lectures on history—and its suppression—beginning appropriately with Henry Ford’s adage: “History is bunk!” Mond recalls a world ravaged by anthrax bombs and poison gases in the Nine Years’ War, followed by the great Economic Collapse, and finally the “choice between World Control and destruction.” As Mond notes, soma, the ubiquitous drug of choice in this brave new world, brought an end to worry, while “stability” proved to be the keystone to social control—the “primal and ultimate need.”

The montage becomes more surrealistic as the chapter draws to a close, jumbling mottoes of the World State with snatches of dialogue. For example, it fuses Ford and Freud (in psychological matters), listens in on Lenina chatting with her friend Fanny, and introduces Bernard Marx, who will emerge in subsequent chapters as a major character.


In this chapter, Huxley introduces the historical forces that led to the creation of the dystopia. The analysis, delivered by World Controller Mustapha Mond, seems to contradict Ford’s own statement, quoted by Mond, “History is bunk.” With the appearance of the unconventional, powerful Mond, Huxley offers a deeper, grittier vision of the dystopia than the sanitized explanations of Henry Foster and the D.H.C.

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