The Challenge of Urban Government: Policies and Practices

The Challenge of Urban Government: Policies and Practices

The Challenge of Urban Government: Policies and Practices

The Challenge of Urban Government: Policies and Practices

Synopsis

This volume examines wide-ranging issues confronting cites, and reviews tools, strategies and practices to address them. It examines nine 'windows' of urban management in the context of the new urban strategy of the World Bank. The book recognizes that cities are crucial in efforts to address poverty and development issues. It combines theoretical discussions of new, fundamental principles of urban management with practical discussions that show how concepts are translated into policy tools and strategies.Chapter 1 discusses the forces of globalization and how these affect cities in general and metropolitan management and governance in particular. Chapter 2 introduces the elements of strategic planning and evaluates successful experiences in city strategy and governance. In light of decentralization, chapter 3 analyzes subnational financial management, particularly its technical, participatory, and political aspects. Chapter 4 deals with revenue raising issues and approaches. Chapter 5 considers private sector involvement in provision of public services, using case studies of public-private partnerships. Chapter 6 discusses the role of land and real estate markets in urban development, and explains why and how local governments should intervene in their operations. Urban poverty is the focus of chapter 7, with examples of how it is addressed. Chapter 8 analyzes problems of the urban environment and preconditions for successful environmental management, with specific urban cases. Chapter 9 examines the relationship between transportation and metropolitan growth, and how to deal with urban transport problems.

Excerpt

In the coming decades, as much as 80 percent of population growth and most economic growth in the developing world will occur in cities. in this context of rapid urbanization accompanied by pervasive globalization, the challenges that local governments and city managers face have increased in both scope and complexity because of the lack of resources, the continuing migration toward large cities, the deteriorating infrastructure, and the need to tap a solid economic and financial base while maintaining the incentives necessary to attract investment and generate employment. in most of the world’s largest cities, those responsible have introduced innovative ideas to improve the quality of urban governance. Some cities have begun preparing city development strategies that include integrated and participatory action plans to promote and sustain economic growth and improve living conditions for city residents. These developments bring with them the need for capacity building in a variety of disciplines, especially among those tasked with managing cities.

The World Bank Institute (WBI) has responded to the challenges of urban development and city management by launching a number of important initiatives. Chief among these is the program on Urban Challenges of the 21 Century, under which the Institute developed a number of courses on urban and city management that have been conducted worldwide. These courses were designed in the context of a new urban strategy in the World Bank. the strategy recognizes that cities are crucial in efforts to address poverty and other development issues, but acknowledges that this potential will not be realized unless cities are livable, competitive, well-governed and managed, and bankable—all themes that are explored in this book.

The book is the result of the first such course, which was held in Toronto, Canada, in May 1999. the course was jointly organized by wbi, the Canadian Urban Institute, the City of Toronto, and the University of Toronto, and was sponsored by the Canadian International Development Agency and the government of Spain. Among the participants were mayors, city managers and administrators, local-level policymakers, urban planners . . .

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.