CliffsNotes on Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest

CliffsNotes on Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest

CliffsNotes on Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest

CliffsNotes on Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest

Excerpt

The play begins in the flat of wealthy Algernon Moncrieff (Algy) in London’s fashionable West End. Algernon’s aunt (Lady Bracknell) and her daughter (Gwendolen Fairfax) are coming for a visit, but Mr. Jack Worthing (a friend of Algy’s) arrives first. Algernon finds it curious that Jack has announced himself as “Ernest.” When Jack explains that he plans to propose marriage to Gwendolen, Algy demands to know why Jack has a cigarette case with the inscription, “From little Cecily with her fondest love.” Jack explains that his real name is Jack Worthing, squire, in the country, but he assumes the name “Ernest” when he ventures to the city for fun. Cecily is his ward. While devouring all the cucumber sandwiches, Algernon confesses that he, too, employs deception when it’s convenient. He visits an imaginary invalid friend named Bunbury when he needs an excuse to leave the city.

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