Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Reference Handbook

Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Reference Handbook

Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Reference Handbook

Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Reference Handbook

Synopsis

Autism and its related disorders have been poorly understood and misdiagnosed for many years; in fact, until the 1970s, there was a pervasive belief that autism was caused by cold, aloof parenting. Not until the popular movie Rain Man in 1988 did the general public become aware of autism, a developmental disorder that still has no cure.

Excerpt

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is now considered to be the most prevalent of all developmental disorders. The rising prevalence rates (1 in 10,000; 1 in 1,000; 1 in 150; and now 1 in 110), media interest, and celebrity attention in recent years have brought ASD into living rooms across the world. The feeling of personal connection to those diagnosed with ASD is rapidly growing, and whether you know someone personally or are simply interested in learning more, this book can be your formal introduction to ASD.

Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Reference Handbook is designed to provide an overview of ASD for readers interested in learning more about the disorder, exploring the controversies that the field continues to face, understanding the historical and cultural influences of ASD, and becoming aware of the resources and organizations available for the support of individuals, providers, and family members impacted by ASD.

The book begins with a broad overview of what we currently know about ASDs regarding etiology, neuroscience, behavioral presentation, and intervention with a focus on the significant advances of our understanding during the 20th and early 21st centuries. Building upon this foundation, the next chapter of the book addresses the controversies and questions that have impacted the field. These enduring questions are presented within a historical and cultural context intended to provide a broader viewpoint for why these controversies exist and persist. Given the challenges faced by those impacted by ASD and the lack of definitive answers currently available from the scientific community, issues around its cause and most effective treatments are hotly debated. This is evident nowhere more so than the popular media as ASD has increasingly received a tremendous amount of attention in the . . .

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