War and Governance: International Security in a Changing World Order

War and Governance: International Security in a Changing World Order

War and Governance: International Security in a Changing World Order

War and Governance: International Security in a Changing World Order

Synopsis

How do we avoid war? To arrive at an answer, master analyst Richard Weitz explores the ways nations, international organizations, and individuals have sought to bring order to an inherently disorderly phenomenon-potential and actual violent conflict among organized political entities.

Specifically, War and Governance: International Security in a Changing World Order analyzes a number of critical issues such as whether regional security institutions have distinct advantages and liabilities in promoting international security, as compared with universal organizations like the United Nations. Other important questions are addressed, as well. How will international organizations, such as the UN, EU, and NATO, change the nature of war in the 21st century-and be changed by it? What role might less formal institutions and nongovernmental organizations play in peacemaking? Will the nation-state remain the most important international security actor? The book ends with a gap analysis that identifies incongruities between international needs and capabilities-and suggests ways to overcome them.

Excerpt

Security institutions face a diverse set of challenges. Nuclear weapons proliferation, containing and eliminating terrorism, building state capacity, and halting genocide are just a few examples. Security institutions have evolved over time to counter the real and perceived threats that face the world. They can have formal or informal structures and rules. in addition they are often distinguished by claiming a regionally focused or a universal worldwide mandate. These distinctions provide advantages and disadvantages in how the institutions are able to address security issues. the nature of institutions can affect not only outcomes but also perceptions. Issues of justification and legitimacy as well as success or failure can be perceived through different lenses depending on attitudes toward the security institution involved.

Chapter 2 analyzes the most recognizable and largest global security organization, the United Nations. It was formed after World War II to replace the League of Nations, which had failed to prevent the Second World War. the original un charter was drawn up by the representatives of the 50 countries fighting against fascism. It came into existence on October 24, 1945, when the un Charter was ratified by most of the important countries of the time. the United Nations is made up of six principal organs; the Trusteeship Council, the Security Council, the General Assembly, the Economic and Social Council, the International Court of Justice, and the Secretariat. As this organizational format would indicate, the United Nations provides a platform for the global community to address the myriad issues of governance, including but not limited to security issues.

Chapter 3 analyzes the Group of Eight (G8). It is also a global security institution, but lacks the universal membership, comprehensive mandate, complex bureaucracy, and network of supporting and associated bodies that both . . .

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