Global Security Watch -- India

Global Security Watch -- India

Global Security Watch -- India

Global Security Watch -- India

Synopsis

This new volume in the Global Security Watch series examines the contemporary foreign, military, and security policies of India as it moves towards becoming a formidable global power in the coming decades.

India is poised to join the major nations of the world as one of the next superpowers in the multi-polar, 21st-century world. At the same time, it still faces significant domestic problems such as widespread poverty and public health issues, and faces considerable security threats posed by China and Pakistan.

Author Amit Gupta, PhD, an esteemed scholar and expert on foreign policy and weapons proliferation in South Asia, argues that India's quest to attain a superpower status will depend on how it develops its relationships with the other leading nations. Another determining factor for India's success lies in its ability to create a more advantageous security environment in the immediate Indian Ocean region. Global Security Watch—India tackles complex topics such as future Indian foreign and security policy options and the corresponding implications for U.S. policy, how the India–China relationship affects relations among other Asian countries, and the capabilities of the Indian military-industrial complex.

Excerpt

International observers looking into the future see China, the United States, and India as the world’s largest economies, and these analysts assume that with the rise of India and China there will be a corresponding growth in these countries’ military capabilities and their foreign policy interests. India’s rise to power, however, is dependent on its ability to resolve its internal challenges as well as its willingness to participate as a stakeholder in the international system—particularly in what has been described as the Indo-Pacific region.

Internally, India will have to create an economy that is sound enough to successfully absorb the large mass of youth that comprise more than 50 percent of the nation’s population. In part, this absorption will require genuinely effective poverty reduction programs that can lift more than 300 million Indians out of abject poverty. The other part is to continue policies that educate young Indians and successfully integrate them into the global economy. Both of these steps will require overhauling the education system to train a working-age population that can meet the requirements of a rapidly evolving global economy. Additionally, India will have to continue the policies that encourage market reforms and lead to an economy that is increasingly innovative and globally competitive. In a globalized world, moreover, the economic development of India rests on reshaping or modifying its bilateral relationships with several nations as well as creating opportunities in an increasingly complex and integrated international system. For India, its most important relationships are with Pakistan, China, the United States, and, primarily from a military perspective, Russia.

Pakistan remains a security concern for India because of its ability to carry out nonstate violence in India through various terrorist groups, and there remain doubts about the stability of the nuclear balance in South Asia. For India, the security dilemma remains how to convince Pakistan to not support terrorist . . .

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