U.S. Peacefare: Organizing American Peace-Building Operations

U.S. Peacefare: Organizing American Peace-Building Operations

U.S. Peacefare: Organizing American Peace-Building Operations

U.S. Peacefare: Organizing American Peace-Building Operations


This book examines the interrelationship of representational methods and material systems as fundamental drivers of the design process. Identifying four primary categories of representational logics - point, line, surface, mass - each category is illustrated through four precedent projects that deploy iterative material sensibilities. As a collection, this text provides a comprehensive categorization of the architectural design process.

Through the comprehensive definition of categorical typologies, it illustrates the collective capability of this conceptual methodology. By unpacking projects through their specific design devices, the collective analysis reveals the impact of material techniques and methods of representation as a generative tool. Broad in scope, it identifies and uniformly analyses some of the most significant projects from the last century, including:

  • UK Pavilion Shanghai - Heatherwick Studio, Shanghai,China
  • Gatehouse - Office dA, Beijing, China
  • Maison Colonial - Jean Prouve, France/Africa
  • de Young Museum - Herzog and de Meuron, California USA
  • Montreal Expo 67 - Buckminster Fuller, Montreal, Canada
  • Jean Marie Tjibou Cultural Center - RPBW, Noumea, Indonesia
  • House III - Peter Eisenman, New York, USA
  • Barcelona Pavilion - Mies van der Rohe, Barcelona, Spain
  • Tel Aviv - Scott Cohen, Tel Aviv, Israel
  • Los Manantiales - Felix Candella, Mexico City, Mexico
  • Yokahama Terminal - FOA, Yokahama, Japan
  • Pantheon, Rome, Italy
  • Tres Grand Bibliotheque - Rem Koolhaas, OMA, Paris, France
  • Brother Claus Field Chapel - Peter Zumthor, Switzerland
  • Embryonic House- Greg Lynn

Richly illustrated with consistent, clear and precise line drawings, the book presents a series of iconic precedents through a unique analytical and graphic sensibility.


This study had its origin in a course I was asked to teach at American University to acquaint students with the roles of various U.S. government agencies in dealing with international conflict. I had gained a direct acquaintance with some of those roles a decade earlier as Special Presidential Envoy for Liberia. When I undertook the course, I assumed that I could draw on extensive analysis of the organization, operations and effectiveness of the individual agencies, to which I could add my personal experience as a diplomat. I quickly discovered that was not the case. There is plenty of material on the application of the tools of peace-building in the field of conflict and on individual country cases, but relatively little on the agencies themselves.

In 2002 the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) established the Post-Conflict Reconstruction Project. Focusing on the full spectrum of conflict-related concerns, from early warning and conflict prevention to rebuilding shattered societies, it has studied closely the pillars of reconstruction in conflict-riven states. It has become a leading source for authoritative analysis, evaluation, and recommendations both for fragile states and for post-conflict reconstruction. Project Codirectors Frederick Barton and Karin von Hippel encouraged me to write a book on the agencies involved with international conflict and the interagency coordination process. It is hoped that such a volume will complement the outstanding study on the modalities of post-conflict reconstruction published by csis in 2004: Robert C. Orr, ed., Winning the Peace: An American Strategy for Post-Conflict Reconstruction.

After a review of the historical roots of American peacefare, the study examines five key bureaucratic entities involved in peace-building. the analysis is Washington-centered, focused on organization and the interagency . . .

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