Literacy: A Way Out for at-Risk Youth

Literacy: A Way Out for at-Risk Youth

Literacy: A Way Out for at-Risk Youth

Literacy: A Way Out for at-Risk Youth


An introduction to state-of-the-art experimental design approaches to better understand and interpret repeated measurement data in cross-over designs.

Repeated Measurements and Cross-Over Designs:

  • Features the close tie between the design, analysis, and presentation of results
  • Presents principles and rules that apply very generally to most areas of research, such as clinical trials, agricultural investigations, industrial procedures, quality control procedures, and epidemiological studies
  • Includes many practical examples, such as PK/PD studies in the pharmaceutical industry, k-sample and one sample repeated measurement designs for psychological studies, and residual effects of different treatments in controlling conditions such as asthma, blood pressure, and diabetes.
  • Utilizes SAS(R) software to draw necessary inferences. All SAS output and data sets are available via the book's related website.

This book is ideal for a broad audience including statisticians in pre-clinical research, researchers in psychology, sociology, politics, marketing, and engineering.


My purpose in this book was to discern those aspects of juvenile detention librarianship that set it apart from other young adult collections and services, as well as from libraries in adult correctional institutions and jails. Library service to juvenile offenders is a truly unique and remarkable branch of library work. I have to admit that when I started this project, I thought I would simply take what we knew already on developing and running adult prison libraries and modify that to work with juvenile services. I was wrong.

What I found was that library service to this population of underserved teens has its own poignant and moving history that should stir even the most jaded information professional among us. What is more, I discovered that it is one of the few services today that remains in a stage of “pioneering, innovation, and enthusiasm” as Sara Innis Fenwick would have said. That is not to say that the information technology unfolding all around us every day does not keep us in a constant state of excitement, but library service to juveniles in detention is itself still in its infancy, despite the fact that we have been honing young adult library services for over 100 years, and prison library services for twice that long.

Education, for example, was not mandated in juvenile detention until the mid-1970s. Think about that.

In this book I have attempted to share the stories of two dozen JDC librarians who had the patience to talk with me, someone who knew absolutely nothing about prison librarianship or juvenile delinquency (and almost that much about youth services), and explain what they do and why they do it. Their perspectives, impressions, wisdom, and advice provide the central themes for this work.

In no way does this book purport to tell how it is everywhere, in every detention center library. We do not, in fact, know much about the actual extent of library services in this area: to date, there has been no comprehensive survey of library services to juveniles in detention. This book is merely an exploration of what some libraries in detention look like, and a description of what some of the pioneering librarians in this field are doing right now. This book is also not a how-to book. Although there are some . . .

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