Space Warfare and Defense: A Historical Encyclopedia and Research Guide

Space Warfare and Defense: A Historical Encyclopedia and Research Guide

Space Warfare and Defense: A Historical Encyclopedia and Research Guide

Space Warfare and Defense: A Historical Encyclopedia and Research Guide


With quality content consistent with the text, the study guide contains chapter outlines linked to the learning objectives and assignments in the text. These include review questions, exercises, and problems. The working papers are designed to help you successfully complete the end-of-chapter exercises and problems. Available in print for student purchase.


The authorities essential to the common defense are these: to raise armies; to
build and equip fleets; to prescribe rules for the government of both; to direct
their operations; to provide for their support. These powers ought to exist without
limitation, because it is impossible to foresee or define the extent and variety of na
tional exigencies, or the correspondent extent and variety of the means which may be
necessary to satisfy them
. the circumstances that endanger the safety of nations are
infinite, and for this reason no constitutional shackles can wisely be imposed on
the power to which the care of it is committed (Hamilton 1787).

… while some might view that space can be kept a weapons-free sanctuary free of
military systems, history tells us that each time new technological opportunities pre
sent themselves, nations invariably employ them to avoid being placed in an inferior
defense position
. (Orr 1984).

The key factor in early 21st-century American national security policy has justifiably been the U.S. Government’s responses to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. This has been demonstrated by controversial wars in Iraq and Afghanistan; acrimony over the usa Patriot Act; contentious debate over the treatment and legal status of terrorist detainees; disputes over the legal and constitutional propriety of the National Security Agency’s wireless surveillance program; and other affiliated topics such as homeland security, the complexities of counterinsurgency warfare, and U.S. relations with Islamic countries. As these words are being written, public attention is riveted on the release of the Iraq Study Group’s 2006 report containing possible suggestions for dealing with what has become an increasingly frustrating situation in that country, and which has claimed significant U.S. military casualties and financial resources.

This work urges that increased public attention be focused on the growing importance of space as a U.S. and international security priority and highlights the extensive historical documentation of how this growth evolved. It is likely that most individuals do not realize how important space has become to their personal lives and to domestic and international economics and security. If you use a cell phone, it contains a Global Positioning System (GPS) that uses space assets to track your location. When you make an Internet e-commerce purchase, satellites may be used. Every time you use an atm at a bank . . .

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