China's Challenges

China's Challenges

China's Challenges

China's Challenges

Synopsis

When the "fifth generation" of Communist Party leaders in China assumed top political positions in 2012-2013, they took the helm of a country that has achieved remarkable economic growth, political stability, and international influence. Yet China today confronts challenges at least as daunting as any it has faced since the reform era began in the late 1970s. In November 2013, the Chinese Communist Party's Central Committee announced ambitious reforms to address vital issues, such as giving market forces a "decisive role" in the economy, strengthening the social safety net, assigning greater weight to factors other than economic growth and social order in evaluating local officials, promoting urbanization, and relaxing the "one child" policy.

China's Challenges brings together fourteen experts on China's social, economic, political, legal, and foreign affairs to examine some of the nation's pivotal policy issues. Their wide-ranging analyses cover economic and social inequality, internal migration and population control, imperatives to "rebalance" China's economy toward domestic demand and consumption, problems of official corruption, tensions between legal reform and social order, and the strained relationships with neighboring countries and the United States that stem from China's rising power, military modernization, enduring territorial disputes, and rising nationalism in domestic politics.

This timely volume offers a broad and comprehensive look at the issues facing China today and lays the groundwork for understanding the shifts to come. How--and how well--China handles these challenges not only will define China's trajectory for years to come, but will have repercussions far beyond China's borders.

Contributors : Yong Cai, Jacques deLisle, Jane Duckett, Andrew Erickson, M. Taylor Fravel, Avery Goldstein, Yasheng Huang, Zai Liang, Benjamin Liebman, Melanie Manion, Barry Naughton, Daniela Stockmann, Robert Sutter, Guohui Wang.

Excerpt

Jacques deLisle and Avery Goldstein

During 2012 and 2013, Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang, and other members of the “fifth-generation” cohort assumed the top political positions in China. They became leaders of a country that has achieved remarkable economic growth, political stability, and international influence over the past three decades and a regime that has, during those years, also weathered repeated crises and endured chronic problems. Under Xi, Li, and their colleagues, China now confronts a wide variety of challenges that are at least as daunting as— and perhaps more consequential for the future of the regime than—any it has faced since the reform era began at the end of the 1970s. This book examines some of the most important and some of the most urgent social, political, economic, legal, and international problems that China faces under the fifth-generation leadership.

Leadership in the Fifth Generation

The advent of new Chinese Communist Party (CCP) leadership seemed to confirm the stability of elite politics in China. It was the second smooth transition in a row for a regime that in its first forty-five years had been rocked by sharp struggles over succession. Between 1949 and 1989, several putative successors and heirs apparent had fallen before a new paramount leader emerged. When the founding leader of the reform era, Deng Xiaoping . . .

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