Mexico Is Not Colombia: Alternative Historical Analogies for Responding to the Challenge of Violent Drug-Trafficking Organizations - Vol. 2

Mexico Is Not Colombia: Alternative Historical Analogies for Responding to the Challenge of Violent Drug-Trafficking Organizations - Vol. 2

Mexico Is Not Colombia: Alternative Historical Analogies for Responding to the Challenge of Violent Drug-Trafficking Organizations - Vol. 2

Mexico Is Not Colombia: Alternative Historical Analogies for Responding to the Challenge of Violent Drug-Trafficking Organizations - Vol. 2

Synopsis

Despite the scope of the threat they pose to Mexico's security, violent drug-trafficking organizations are not well understood, and optimal strategies to combat them have not been identified. While there is no perfectly analogous case to Mexico's current security situation, historical case studies may offer lessons for policymakers as they cope with challenges related to violence and corruption in that country.

Excerpt

The full scope and details of the challenges posed by Mexico’s violent drug-trafficking organizations are not well understood, and optimal strategies to combat these organizations have not been identified. the associated security challenges are not confined to Mexico; indeed, many have spilled over into neighboring countries, including the United States. Scholars often compare these security challenges with those faced by Colombia, but there are vocal critics of this approach. If Mexico is not like Colombia, what is it like? Clearly, there are historical security challenges (and corresponding resolutions) that are Germane to contemporary Mexico. To answer the question posed above, it will be important to evaluate the historical record, identify the correct comparisons, and make the correct inferences based on those comparisons. This study sought to make better historical comparisons with Mexico by identifying cases of “resource” insurgency (those in which insurgents do not seek to control the government but simply to eliminate state interference with their exploitation of resources), cases of warlordism or ungoverned territories, and cases of efforts to combat organized crime.

This report presents the case studies that supported this research effort. a companion report, Mexico Is Not Colombia: Alternative Historical Analogies for Responding to the Challenge of Violent DrugTrafficking Organizations, RR-548/1, offers an overview of the study’s methodology, including case selection and the analytic framework that guided the research. It also summarizes the primary findings from the comparison cases and puts forward several recommendations that . . .

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