The Greatness and Decline of Rome - Vol. 5

The Greatness and Decline of Rome - Vol. 5

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The Greatness and Decline of Rome - Vol. 5

The Greatness and Decline of Rome - Vol. 5

Read FREE!

Excerpt

The publication of the fifth volume, which completes my study of the Greatness and Decline of Rome, gives to the author an opportunity for a word of greeting to his American readers. This volume continues the history to the close of the reign of Augustus Caesar, A.D. 14. The years covered by the narrative present the most important epoch in the history of Rome, because it was during this period that Rome became conscious of her mission and responsibilities for the rule of the West. Her attention had hitherto been directed almost exclusively towards the East, but during these years, it was, under the pressure of events, directed towards Gaul and the West.

Historians have generally recognised that the conquest of Gaul was the capital event of the last century of the republic, but not a few have made the mistake of attributing to Julius Caesar all the credit and responsibility for that conquest and for its formidable consequences.

Three generations were in fact required to produce from this event all the consequences that were involved in it or that were to be connected with it. From Caesar to Augustus, there is, however, an unbroken progression and development of events which took place independently of human prevision, and which finally produced that great accomplishment, Roman Gaul, mother of the France of to-day.

It seems clear from the effect produced in Europe by my history that the people . . .

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