A Handbook for the Art and Science of Teaching

A Handbook for the Art and Science of Teaching

A Handbook for the Art and Science of Teaching

A Handbook for the Art and Science of Teaching


How can I make certain that all my students achieve success in mastering learning goals--and play an active role in monitoring and adjusting their own learning process? How can I manage my classroom so that all students are engaged, challenged, and active members of my classroom's learning community? How can I design units and lessons so that they promote maximum success for every learner?

Learning how to become an effective teacher involves finding answers to these and countless other questions. In A Handbook for the Art and Science of Teaching, Robert J. Marzano and John L. Brown help you explore and refine your instructional strategies, always with the goal of enhancing student achievement.

As a companion volume to Marzano's The Art and Science of Teaching, the handbook is intended to be a guide for individual teachers, study groups, and professional developers working together to improve their teaching. It is organized into 25 modules, each related to one of the 10 design questions introduced in the earlier book. Each module begins with a series of reflection questions and concludes with a set of self-assessment questions that allow the reader to determine areas that might need further work. At the heart of each module are specific strategies for addressing the key components of effective teaching. Dozens of examples illustrate the strategies in action in elementary and secondary classrooms, in all subject areas.

The strategies provide a thorough grounding in the "science" of teaching. How a teacher chooses to implement them constitutes the "art" of teaching. Both elements are necessary for improving student achievement and creating successful schools. For anyone committed to developing a wide range of teaching skills, this handbook is a welcome road map to best practices.


The Art and Science of Teaching (Marzano, 2007) was designed as a comprehensive framework for effective instruction to be used by teachers in every subject area at every grade level. As such, it is an update and amalgamation of previous works such as Classroom Instruction That Works (Marzano, Pickering, & Pollock, 2001), Classroom Management That Works (Marzano, Pickering, & Marzano, 2003), and Classroom Assessment and Grading That Work (Marzano, 2006). Given the complexity of teaching, it makes sense that a comprehensive framework would necessarily include and integrate other works that address specific aspects of teaching.

The title words art and science were carefully selected to convey a message— effective teaching is both art and science. It is art in the sense that it involves no specific script all effective teachers must follow. Indeed, effective teachers are as varied in their characteristics and behaviors as are effective students. It is science in the sense that there are strategies that research over time has shown to have a high probability of enhancing student achievement. These “high probability” strategies are the tools in an effective teacher’s tool box. Not every teacher uses these tools in the same way and with the same frequency. However, most effective teachers probably have developed a facility with them.

In keeping with the variety and flexibility that characterize the domain of effective teaching, The Art and Science of Teaching is presented as a series of design questions (see Figure 1.1). These questions are used by teachers as reminders of what should be addressed during a unit of instruction and the lessons within those units. Again, different teachers will answer these questions in different ways with comparable results.

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