The Soviet Union and the Challenge of the Future - Vol. 3

The Soviet Union and the Challenge of the Future - Vol. 3

The Soviet Union and the Challenge of the Future - Vol. 3

The Soviet Union and the Challenge of the Future - Vol. 3

Synopsis

This landmark four-volume series is the result of the second international conference of the Professors World Peace Academy in Geneva, Switzerland. Participants at the conference examined practically every aspect of Soviet reality, including politics, society, economy, ideology, culture, nationalities, dependencies, and international relations. Presenting the views of over eighty distinguished scholars in the field, these books make important, innovative contributions to our knowledge and understanding of the Soviet Union’s past, present and future.

Vol. 3: Ideology, Culture, & Nationality

The ideological and cultural crisis in the Soviet regime–the subject of this volume–is perhaps the most fundamental and fateful crisis in the Soviet Union. It may undermine the legitimacy of communist rule and call into question the political system that assures the Communist party absolute power over the state and society. In Part I of this book noted scholars attempt to disentangle the Russian and Soviet identities of the ethnic Russians, and to discover underneath the Soviet facade the true orientation and authentic values of the Russian people. They also evaluate the significance of Russian nationalism as a factor in the stability of the Soviet system. Part II examines the ideological, cultural, and political attitudes of the non-Russian nations of the U.S.S.R. and the Soviet bloc, and evaluates the potential impact that political destabilization on the outskirts of the Soviet empire could have on the empire itself. Unique insights emerge not only about the situation of the Jews but also about that of the Finno-Ugrian peoples of the U.S.S.R.

Excerpt

The ideological and cultural crisis in the Soviet regime—the subject of Vol. Ill—is, perhaps, the most fundamental and fateful crisis in the Soviet Union. It may undermine the legitimacy of communist rule and call into question the political system that assures the Communist party absolute and undivided power over the state and society.

The economic, social, international crises treated in Volumes I, ii, and iv do not challenge the regime’s survival directly. As long as society, at least to some extent, identifies itself with the regime ideologically and culturally, it will support the regime’s efforts to overcome the other crises. But if the ideological perceptions and the basic values and goals of the society clash with those of the regime, each crisis will be perceived and used as a valid reason for changing the regime.

Volume iii consists of two main parts: the first is devoted to Russia proper; and the second, to the non-Russian nations of the ussr and the Soviet Bloc.

The authors of Part I attempt to disentangle the Russian and Soviet identities of the ethnic Russians and to discover underneath the Soviet facade the true orientation and authentic values and aspirations of the Russian people. They also evaluate the significance of Russian nationalism as a factor in the stability of the Soviet system.

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