Maoism in the Developed World

Maoism in the Developed World

Maoism in the Developed World

Maoism in the Developed World


Alexander surveys the most important dissident movement within International Communism in the developed world since World War II. He traces its origins, the issues that differentiated the movement from Moscow-oriented communism, and shows why the movement had an attraction for both traditional communists and others of the left.

Examining the movement by region and then by country, he describes the appearance and evolution of the Maoist Communist parties throughout North America, Europe, Japan and Ociania. An important resource for all scholars and researchers involved with the history of communism.


This is the second volume of my study of International Maoism. It deals basically with Maoism in the “developed” countries. However, in the case of the European nations it varies a bit from this pattern, including all those nations which during the Cold War period were not controlled by Communist parties. It thus deals with such nations as Greece, Cyprus, and Portugal, which are not exactly “developed” in the economic sense. Nevertheless, historically and politically they have more in common with other European countries than they do with those of the so-called Third World, particularly during the period in which International Maoism has existed.

One “technical” comment is in order. This concerns orthography. Generally, I have used the old-fashioned spelling of Chinese proper and place names, since during most of the period covered by this book the Chinese themselves used that spelling, and it appeared in most of the published sources we use. However, where sources we quote use the new transliteration into English, we faithfully reprint that.

I have used two principal sources of information in working on this study. One is the Yearbook on International Communist Affairs, which the Hoover Institution published over a period of more than two decades. the other consists of documents of the Sozialistische Einheitpartei Deutschland (SED), the Communist Party of the former German Democratic Republic, which were originally not for general distribution but became available after the fall of the Berlin Wall.

I owe debts of gratitude in connection with each of these sources. On the one hand, I must thank the Hoover Institution for . . .

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