The La Salle Expedition to Texas: The Journal of Henri Joutel, 1684-1687

The La Salle Expedition to Texas: The Journal of Henri Joutel, 1684-1687

The La Salle Expedition to Texas: The Journal of Henri Joutel, 1684-1687

The La Salle Expedition to Texas: The Journal of Henri Joutel, 1684-1687

Synopsis

"Those of us who knew how to swim crossed to the other bank. But a number of our company did not know how to swim, and I was among that number. One of the Indians gave me a sign to go get a nearly dry log... then, fastening a strap on each end, he made us understand that we should hold on to the log with one arm and try to swim with the other arm and our feet... While trying to swim... I accidentally hit the Father in the stomach. At that moment he thought he was lost and, I assure you, he invoked the patron saint of his order, St. Francis, with all his heart. I could not keep from laughing although I could see I was in peril of drowning. But the Indians on the other side saw all this and came to our help...

"Still there were others to get across.... We made the Indians understand that they must go help them, but because they had become disgusted by the last trip, they did not want to return again. This distressed us greatly."- From Henri Joute's journal, March 23, 1687, shortly after La Salle was murdered.

The La Salle Expedition in Texas presents the definitive English translation of Henri Joutel's classic account of Rene-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle's 1684- 1687 expedition to establish a fort and colony near the mouth of the Mississippi River. Written from detailed notes taken during this historic journey, Joutel's journal is the most comprehensive and authoritative account available of this dramatic story of adventure and misadventure in Texas. Joutel, who served as post commander for La Salle, describes in accurate and colorful detail the daily experiences and precise route La Salle's party followed in 1687 from the Texas coast to the Mississippi River. By carefully comparing Joutel's compass directions and detailed descriptions to maps and geographic locations, Foster has established where La Salle was murdered by his men, and has corrected many erroneous geographic interpretations made by French and American scholars during the past century.

Joutel's account is a captivating narrative set in a Texas coastal wilderness. Foster follows Joutel, La Salle, and their fellow adventurers as they encounter Indians and their unique cultures; enormous drifting herds of bison; and unknown flora and fauna, including lethal flowering cactus fruit and rattlesnakes. The cast of characters includes priests and soldiers, deserters and murderers, Indian leaders, and a handful of French women who worked side-by-side with the men. It is a remarkable first hand tale of dramatic adventure as these diverse individuals meet and interact on the grand landscape of Texas.

Joutel's journal, newly translated by Johanna S. Warren, is edited and annotated with an extensive introduction by William C. Foster. The account is accompanied by numerous detailed maps and the first published English translation of the testimony of Pierre Meunier, one of the most knowledgeable and creditable survivors of La Salle's expedition.

Excerpt

In the early hours of March 19, 1687, the great French explorer René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, was camped with his entourage deep in the Texas wilderness. There was a sense of uneasiness in the camp as La Salle approached his trusted aide Henri Joutel with a change in plans. Joutel explained the situation in his journal entry for that day: “La Salle had first decided that I should go with him, [but] he changed his mind in the morning because there would be no one to remain on watch at that camp…. After that he told me to give him my musket because it was the best one of our party; I gave it to him with my pistol. Thus, three of them left: La Salle, Father Anastase, and the Indian guide. In leaving the gentleman ordered me to take care of everything and to be sure, from time to time, to make smoke signals on a small rise near our camp, so that if they were lost, that would serve to set them straight and direct them toward the smoke. So they departed. Only five of us remained there which was not much defense….

“As La Salle, on leaving, had directed me to make smoke signals from hour to hour by setting fire to the small area of dry grass on a rise that would flare for a while, I carried out this maneuver during the day. But toward evening I was greatly surprised … to see one of the men approaching When we met, I saw that he was quite stupified and rather wandering. On approaching me, he began to tell me that there was much news and that a mishap had occurred. I asked him what. He told me that La Salle was dead….

“At this news I stopped, completely disconcerted, not knowing what to say…. The person who brought me this ugly news added that the murderers had at first sworn my death as well. I had no trouble believing that because, as I said before, I had always acted in the interests of La Salle. Having command, it is difficult to satisfy everyone and to prevent there being a few malcontents. At this juncture, I was greatly confounded as to what part I should take, if I should go off into the forest where Providence and God would lead me. … In no matter what direction I should turn, my life was at great risk.”

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