Three Peoples, One King: Loyalists, Indians, and Slaves in the Revolutionary South, 1775-1782

Three Peoples, One King: Loyalists, Indians, and Slaves in the Revolutionary South, 1775-1782

Three Peoples, One King: Loyalists, Indians, and Slaves in the Revolutionary South, 1775-1782

Three Peoples, One King: Loyalists, Indians, and Slaves in the Revolutionary South, 1775-1782

Synopsis

Exploring the contributions and fates of loyalists, Indians, and slaves who stood with the British Empire in the Deep South colonies during the American Revolution, this book challenges the traditional view that British efforts to regain control of the southern colonies were undermined by a lack of local support.

Excerpt

Certain terms used in this book require a brief explanation. When referring to those American colonists who supported the British, I have used the term “Loyalists” throughout the text, forgoing use of the synonym “Tories,” which had a derogatory connotation in the Revolutionary era. When quoting from sources, however, I left the terms “Tory” and “Tories” unaltered. I have used the terms “Whigs,” “rebels,” and “Americans” interchangeably when referring to those colonists who supported the Revolution. To maintain consistency with the documentary sources, I have used the term “Indians” rather than “Native Americans.” The terms “blacks,” “slaves,” and “African Americans” are used interchangeably. In those rare instances involving blacks who were not slaves, I have indicated their free status. Charleston, South Carolina, was spelled “Charles Town,” “Charlestown,” and “Charleston” during the 1770s and 1780s; I have left the original spelling intact in quotations but used “Charleston” uniformly in the text.

In manuscript collections in which each page is numbered, such as the Cornwallis Papers, I have given only the number of the first page of the cited document in the endnotes. The information or quotation from that document may appear on a subsequent page or pages. To reduce the length of the endnotes, I have employed several abbreviations for sources and archives. A list of these abbreviations precedes the notes.

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