Tropical Forest Biomes

Tropical Forest Biomes

Tropical Forest Biomes

Tropical Forest Biomes

Synopsis

This volume in the Greenwood Guides to Biomes of the World series covers the lush, beautiful - and rapidly shrinking - tropical forest biomes. The volume covers the two major tropic forest biomes, tropical rainforests and tropical seasonal forests.

Excerpt

In the region directly north and south of the Equator called the Tropics lies the most unique and diverse lands. These lands are home to hundreds of thousands, or perhaps millions of species, and regulate the Earth’s air, water, weather, and energy cycles. These lands and their flora and fauna are essential to life today. On these lands are the Tropical Forests of the world.

Tropical Forest Biomes hold the richest biodiversity of all other terrestrial biomes. Two world biomes are included in the Tropical Forest designation, the Tropical Broadleaf Evergreen Forest, also called the Tropical Rainforest or the Equatorial Rainforest Biome, and the Tropical Seasonal Forest also known as the Tropical Deciduous Forest or the Tropical Monsoonal Forest Biome. Both biomes are located between the Tropic of Cancer at 23° N latitude and the Tropical of Capricorn at 23° S latitude. The zone between these two latitudes is called “the Tropics.” “The Equatorial Zone” is within the Tropics, along both sides of the Equator. Tropical rainforests occur mostly within the Equatorial Zone. Tropical Seasonal Forests are located north and south of the equatorial zone. High temperatures, caused by intensive solar radiation and high rainfall amounts are universal in the tropics. The Tropical Rainforest experiences these throughout the year, while the Tropical Seasonal Forest experiences seasonal shifts in temperature, and drastic seasonal shifts in rainfall. The plants, animals, and other organisms that inhabit these biomes have evolved unique and varied adaptations to thrive in these environments.

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