José Carlos Mariátegui: An Anthology

José Carlos Mariátegui: An Anthology

José Carlos Mariátegui: An Anthology

José Carlos Mariátegui: An Anthology

Synopsis

José Carlos Mariátegui is one of Latin America's most profound but overlooked thinkers. A self-taught journalist, social scientist, and activist from Peru, he was the first to emphasize that those fighting for the revolutionary transformation of society must adapt classical Marxist theory to the particular conditions of Latin American. He also stressed that indigenous peoples must take an active, if not leading, role in any revolutionary struggle.

Today Latin America is the scene of great social upheaval. More progressive governments are in power than ever before, and grassroots movements of indigenous peoples, workers, and peasants are increasingly shaping the political landscape. The time is perfect for a rediscovery of Mariátegui, who is considered an intellectual precursor of today's struggles in Latin America but virtually unknown in the English-speaking world. This volume collects his essential writings, including many that have never been translated and some that have never been published. The scope of this collection, masterful translation, and thoughtful commentary make it an essential book for scholars of Latin America and all of those fighting for a new world, waiting to be born.

Excerpt

As we move into the twenty-first century, scholars and activists still debate the status and relevance of Marxism and Marxist thought. Some would argue that both are to be relegated to the back pages of history. Yet as this is said, world capitalism is suffering one of its worst setbacks in a century, and the very theoretical foundations on which neoliberal capitalism is based are being called into question as they prove inadequate to guide the modern world system. Whereas the rigid orthodox visions of Marxism that Joseph Stalin propagated when he had an inordinate influence on official Marxism have little to offer in this new reality, interest continues to grow in non-dogmatic, original Marxist thinkers like Antonio Gramsci and Rosa Luxemburg. Other writers outside of Europe also come to mind: Amílcar Cabral in Africa, Rabrindanath Tagore in India, or even Mao Tse-tung in China. Many find their analyses, insights, and formulations of considerable use in our current reality. Their thought combines well with more subtle . . .

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