Welcome to the Oglala Nation: A Documentary Reader in Oglala Lakota Political History

Welcome to the Oglala Nation: A Documentary Reader in Oglala Lakota Political History

Welcome to the Oglala Nation: A Documentary Reader in Oglala Lakota Political History

Welcome to the Oglala Nation: A Documentary Reader in Oglala Lakota Political History

Synopsis

Popular culture largely perceives the tragedy at Wounded Knee in 1890 as the end of Native American resistance in the West, and for many years historians viewed this event as the end of Indian history altogether. The Dawes Act of 1887 and the reservation system dramatically changed daily life and political dynamics, particularly for the Oglala Lakotas. As Akim D. Reinhardt demonstrates in this volume, however, the twentieth century continued to be politically dynamic. Even today, as life continues for the Oglalas on the Pine Ridge Reservation in southwestern South Dakota, politics remain an integral component of the Lakota past and future. Reinhardt charts the political history of the Oglala Lakota people from the fifteenth century to the present with this edited collection of primary documents, a historical narrative, and a contemporary bibliographic essay. Throughout the twentieth century, residents on Pine Ridge and other reservations confronted, resisted, and adapted to the continuing effects of U.S. colonialism. During the modern reservation era, reservation councils, grassroots and national political movements, courtroom victories and losses, and cultural battles have shaped indigenous populations. Both a documentary reader and a Lakota history, Welcome to the Oglala Nation is an indispensable volume on Lakota politics.

Excerpt

This book is designed to provide students and other interested readers with an introduction to Oglala Laķota Sioux political history. It is divided into three major parts, each of which serves a different purpose.

The first part is a narrative of Oglala political history from earliest times to the present. This narrative is what historians refer to as a tertiary source. Unlike a secondary source, which is based on original primary research, the historical narrative in this book is based mostly on the secondary research of scholars who have come before. In that respect, it is similar to a textbook, though with citations of the sources consulted.

The second part is a collection of primary documents selected and edited especially for this book. From among tens of thousands of potential primary sources relevant to this topic, these sixty documents have been chosen to represent the broad chronology of Oglala political history, while also maintaining a consistent theme of colonialism, which is discussed in the introduction.

The third part of this book is a bibliographic essay. Instead of just listing relevant sources, as does a standard bibliography, a bibliographic essay attempts to wrangle and coherently discuss the best secondary and some of the most relevant primary sources related to the topic at hand.

When taken together, the three parts of this book will, I hope, provide readers with both a broad history that spans several centuries, and a deeper understanding of certain specific historical themes and episodes in Oglala Laķota political history.

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