Excavations in Residential Areas of Tikal

Excavations in Residential Areas of Tikal

Excavations in Residential Areas of Tikal

Excavations in Residential Areas of Tikal

Synopsis

Tikal Report 22 presents the results of excavations carried out in residential group 7F-1 at Tikal in Guatemala during the 1957, 1963, and 1965 seasons. As with similar Tikal Reports (TR 19, TR 20A/20B, and TR 21), TR 22 is devoted to the presentation of detailed excavation data and analysis. In this case, the residential group presented may have been home to descendants of a ruler who died in the sixth century C.E.

Excerpt

The purpose of this section is to present descriptions of the various miscellaneous stones (MS.) from Gp. 7F1; to update the published information on St. 23; and to assess the possible significance of these data toward an understanding of the nature of Gp. 7F-1. the descriptive material comes first, with evaluations of when the stela and miscellaneous stones came to be where they were found. Following is a general discussion that tackles the problems of why they eventually came to be in Gp. 7F-1, and where they were originally placed.

Description

Stela 23

LOCATION:

Group 7F-1, in front (W) of Str. 7F-30, on the axis of 1st (Fig. 9 and tr. 2:27). a large top fragment (Frag. 1), and nine small, carved pieces (TR. 33A:fig. 36b) were preserved. Fragment 1 stood askew on Plat. 7F-1, facing W (TR. 2:27 and this report, Fig. 9) and leaning slightly in that direction, buried by mound talus to the bottom of its second row of glyphs. One of the small pieces was found in front of and below Frag. 1, but another was quite close to the surface (TR. 2:33). Where the others were found is not specified; presumably they were near Frag. 1.

DESCRIPTION:

For description, extended discussion, and listing of all previous (as of 1982) references, see tr. 33A:50–51; illustrations are in tr. 4 (fig. 22) and tr. 33A (fig. 35a–c, 36a,b). the initial series date of 9.3.9.13.3 (AD 504) refers to the birth of a woman named on the monument who is most often known today as Lady (or Woman) of Tikal; likely it is her portrait that adorns its front. Alternatively, by analogy with Piedras Negras St. 3, the portrait could be that of a man, in spite of references to the woman’s birth and an important event in her life seven years later. This seems unlikely, however, because Proskouriakoff (1961:96–97) identified the high headdress of the figure as a woman’s costume element (C. Jones, pers. comm., 1990). Today, the female identity of the figure is widely accepted (see Martin 1999:4 and 2003:18–19). a distance number counts forward six years from the initial series to her accession as Ahau in 9.3.16.8.4 (TR. 33A:51 and Martin and Grube 2000:38). Although not known for certain, a dedicatory date of 9.4.3.0.0 (AD 517) is a distinct possibility (TR. 33A:51). There is, however, no reason why it could not be 9.4.0.0.0 (S. Martin, pers. comm., 2015).

OFFERING:

There was no certain offering, but see previous discussion of Ca. 2 in part iv.

DISCUSSION:

On the basis of their 1957 excavations, Coe and Broman concluded that St. 23 was probably reset after 10.2.0.0.0 (TR. 2:48), but noted that “physical evidence at the spot permits the reerection at any time after Phase D” (TR. 2:37), which is to say, at any time after the laying of Plat. 7F-1-2nd-D:Fl. 1. a reexamination of possibilities now is in order.

Resetting prior to the laying of Fl. 1 of Plat. 7F-11st almost surely may be ruled out, as this would have . . .

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