School Community and Disorder: Communal Schools, Student Bonding, Delinquency, and Victimization

School Community and Disorder: Communal Schools, Student Bonding, Delinquency, and Victimization

School Community and Disorder: Communal Schools, Student Bonding, Delinquency, and Victimization

School Community and Disorder: Communal Schools, Student Bonding, Delinquency, and Victimization

Synopsis

Allison Ann Payne is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Criminology and Justice Studies at The College of New Jersey.

Excerpt

Over the past decade, violence and crime in schools has emerged as a dominant concern of the public in general, and of educators and criminologists more specifically. A recent poll reported that 60% of Americans believe school crime is increasing (Brooks, Schiraldi, and Ziedenberg, 2000). The same survey reported a 49% increase in people who feared a school shooting would occur in their neighborhood (Brooks et al., 2000).

Recent statistics, however, suggest that this fear of increasing school crime and violence is not justified. The National School Safety Center (2001) reported that school-related deaths decreased 50% between the 1992–1993 school year and the 2000–2001 school year, from 56 to 23. Bureau of Justice Statistics and the U.S. Department of Education (Kaufman, Chen, Choy, Peter, Ruddy, Miller, Fleury, Chandler, Planty, and Rand, 2001) reported that violent victimizations in schools declined from 48 per 1000 students in 1992 to 43 per 1000 students in 1998. Similarly, the percentage of students who were victims of a crime declined from 10% in 1995 to 8% in 1999 (Kaufman et al., 2001). Overall school crime showed a decrease of almost onethird from 144 per 1000 in 1992 to 101 per 1000 in 1998 (Kaufman et al., 2001). The same report showed a decline in the percentage of students carrying weapons to school, from 12% in 1993 to 7% in 1999, and a decline in the percentage of students reporting the presence of gangs in their school, from 29% in 1995 to 17% in 1999 (Kaufman et al., 2001).

Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.