The Nigerian Rice Economy: Policy Options for Transforming Production, Marketing and Trade

The Nigerian Rice Economy: Policy Options for Transforming Production, Marketing and Trade

The Nigerian Rice Economy: Policy Options for Transforming Production, Marketing and Trade

The Nigerian Rice Economy: Policy Options for Transforming Production, Marketing and Trade


Rice has become one of Nigeria's leading food staples. And rice consumption has outpaced production, making Nigeria the world's leading importer of rice. As a result, reducing import dependence is now a major goal of Nigerian policymakers.

In The Nigerian Rice Economy the authors assess three options for reducing this dependency--tariffs and other trade policies; increasing domestic rice production; and improving post-harvest rice processing and marketing--and identify improved production and postharvest activities as the most promising. These options, however, will require substantially increased public investments in a variety of areas, including research and development, basic infrastructure (for example, irrigation, feeder roads, and electricity), and rice milling technologies.

The analysis, methods used, and recommendations provided in The Nigerian Rice Economy will be equally valuable to a broad range of readers including researchers, development specialists, students, and others concerned with applications of food policy analysis and economic development more broadly in Nigeria and elsewhere in Africa south of the Sahara.

Contributors: Akeem Ajibola, Xinshen Diao, Paul A. Dorosh, Oluyemisi Kuku-Shittu, Mehrab Malek, Bakare Samuel Oladele.


In recent decades, Africa south of the Sahara has become increasingly reliant on rice imports. This is the result of globalization, urbanization, and diet change, as well as slow transformation and modernization of domestic agricultural sectors in many parts of the region. Because rice is an important source of diet and income, the increase in importation has become a symbol of the food security challenges facing many African countries.

Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, with the largest economy. It also has the largest rice production area in Africa, comparable in size and diversity to many Asian countries. However, despite ever-growing demand and a long history of government efforts, its rice sector remains vastly underdeveloped, and the country is one of the largest rice importers in the world.

The Nigerian Rice Economy assesses the policy challenges and opportunities for transforming and expanding Nigeria’s rice economy. The authors discuss the rice economy’s evolution, structure, and agroecological constraints, as well as policy issues related to consumption, production, milling, and trade, each substantiated by rigorous quantitative analyses. The book provides indepth insights into focused areas, including the effects of rice price policy on distribution, production technology constraints, optimal milling sector structure, trade policy effectiveness, and economywide implications of key rice sector interventions. The authors also suggest options to improve the rice sector.

Achieving rice self-sufficiency in the short term, as envisaged by the Nigerian government, may be too costly in terms of required resources and social costs. Price and trade policies alone may be ineffective in inducing private-sector responses, as these policies are often stymied by limited supply responses, cross-border leakages, limited market integration, and low . . .

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