Ergonomics: Foundational Principles, Applications, and Technologies

Ergonomics: Foundational Principles, Applications, and Technologies

Ergonomics: Foundational Principles, Applications, and Technologies

Ergonomics: Foundational Principles, Applications, and Technologies

Synopsis

A complete introduction to the field, Ergonomics: Foundational Principles, Applications and Technologies discusses scientific principles, research, applications, and emerging trends in technology. Covering the foundational principles and major topics in physical ergonomics, the book contains the necessary components of a quality ergonomics course, including a sample course syllabus, PowerPoint slides for instructors and students, homework assignments, class projects, instructor's manual, suggested lab equipment, proposed lab exercises, and a student laboratory manual. Based on the author's almost two decades of teaching, the text covers basic ergonomic principles from research and application perspectives. It includes hands-on laboratory activities to complement classroom instruction and cases studies that demonstrate application of ergonomic knowledge. Using an approach that highlights the physical over the cognitive, the author focuses less on kinesiology principles and more on applied kinesiology in ergonomics.• Provides a basic explanation of the systems of the body to establish a foundation for understanding and consistently applying ergonomic principles • Covers the human senses and the sensory process for each, including tools and techniques for assessing sensory impact • Explains the functionality, relationship, and elements of the integrated roles of the muscular system and nervous system • Introduces the study of anthropometrics and the principles that can be used to support anthropometric design, including data collection, calculation of statistics, and identification of appropriate data sources • Examines the basic ergonomic principles of work place design and evaluation of hand tools • Discusses the origin, nature, and impact of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) in the global community • Includes coverage of the concepts of information processing, measurement of mental workload, and an introduction to ergonomic design of controls and displays The book supplies everything required to teach the class. Upon completion of a course using this book, students will be prepared to apply the ergonomic knowledge in industry or continue to higher levels of study in the field.The text builds the foundation students and professionals need to understand and improve the environments, equipment, and systems with which humans interact in the workplace, recreational environment, and home. Description of Instructors Manual Available upon course adoption, the instructor's manual contains resources to assist in quickly establishing a course layout, schedule, and associated documents. This resource genuinely makes the selection of the text a turn-key option for the professor to deliver a high-quality ergonomics course. • Sample course syllabus • Summary of suggested ergonomic lab equipment • Sample course schedule • Description of assignments such as student projects and more. Description of Laboratory Manual Available for download from www.crcpress.com, the laboratory manual contains multiple laboratory and application assignments to give student a hands-on experience in applying ergonomic material taught in the classroom lectures. The manual has labs for each of the primary topics covered in the course as well as guidelines on how students are to conduct the laboratories and prepare lab reports.Numerous tables, equations, and examples are provided in the lab manual to facilitate student understanding of the material. The use of the lab manual supports the instructor by providing tailored exercises for students to perform that are directly aligned with the textbook material. Assignments are also provided for students taking the course via distance learning or remote resources.

Excerpt

This chapter will provide the student with knowledge of the human senses and the sensory process for each system. A discussion of tools and techniques to assess the sensory impact is offered to teach the process to evaluate the environment as it relates to the senses. Measurement and management of the occupational conditions on the human senses will also be addressed.

3.2 KEY TOPICS

An introduction to human sensory functions and measurement of the level of sensory capability is the focus of this chapter. Guidelines used to promote ergonomic design that is compatible with the human senses are covered, as well as a discussion of know occupational risk factors.

3.3 INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND

Much of what we know about how smells, sights, tastes, textures, and sounds are processed in the brain is due to the work of Wilder Penfield and colleagues during the mid-twentieth century. By directly stimulating different areas of exposed cortical tissypes of sense stimulation. While the five senses are critical to the brain’s ability to process information about the natural world, recent knowledge affirms that they are vital to mental health, and the loss of one or more of these sensations can lead to physical and emotional distress (http://www.sciencedirect.com.proxy.library.emory.edu/science/journal/00016918, Acta Psychologica, April 2001).

According to Webster’s Online Dictionary, “sensory deprivation” is defined as “a form of psychological torture inflicted by depriving the victim of all sensory input.” In fact, depriving human beings of their natural human senses has been officially considered torture since the European Court of Human Rights ruled in 1978 (Ireland v. United Kingdom) that the use of deprivation techniques such as wall-standing, hooding, subjection to noise, sleep deprivation, and deprivation of food and drink were inhumane. The media took a great interest in the subject surrounding this landmark case as well. For instance, the prominent 1960s’ television show The Twilight Zone . . .

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